At Green Harmony products, we believe that you should understand what is in your skin care products. To help you work out which natural sources are your skincare products, here is our A-Z list of ingredients for natural skin and their uses. Our A-Z list of ingredients will educate you about each skincare ingredient. For a quick search, please click on the first letter of the ingredient, which you would like to find out more about…
Nature has so many amazing elements to offer, and we strive to bring you the very best. Take a look at what natural, organic and anti-aging products can do for you!
Disclaimer: The information contained on this ingredients page is general in nature and for informational purposes only. It is not meant to be a substitute for the advice provided by your own doctor or any other medical professional. None of the information on this page should be taken as recommendations as to how to treat any particular disease or health-related condition. If you suspect you have a disease or health-related condition of any kind, you should contact your health care professional immediately. Please read all product packaging carefully and consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet, exercise, supplementation or medication program. All cosmetic products sold on this site are registered on the Cosmetic Products Notification Portal (CPNP) by our suppliers.
Aloe Vera extract (Aloe Barbadensis Miller)
Aloe Vera has been used for more than 6000 years by the Indians, the Egyptians and the Chinese for the beneficial qualities to humans. It is said that this plant comes from Socotra Island, located in the Indian Ocean, although other contemporary versions claim it comes from Africa and Asia. Aloe is one of the few plants that contain more than 200 substances, whose beneficial properties improve the functioning of our organism and regenerate and hydrate the skin. The therapeutic power of aloe comes primarily from the large amount of water (95%) it contains. As a universal solvent, water contributes to the easy absorption of biologically active substances such as vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, C, D, E), mineral salts and trace elements. At the same time, aloe brings in most of the amino acids that the human body needs, some of which the body is unable to produce. Those active ingredients penetrate the three layers of skin: the epidermis, dermis and sub cutis, blowing out bacteria and fatty deposits that clog the skin pores. Simultaneously, the action of the natural nutrients, vitamins, minerals, amino acids and enzymes stimulate new cell production and helps to treat a variety of skin ailments, including sunburn, blisters, burns, purifying, nourishing, cicatrizing, anti-viral, anti-aging, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and analgesic which helps to cool, soothe and soften the skin. Aloe is also a very effective remedy in the treatment of dry skin. As it is hypoallergenic, soothing and anti-inflammatory, it is suitable for atopic and sensitive skin.
Avocado (Persea Gratissima)
The flesh of the avocado contains nearly 50% plant oil. Avocado butter is considered to be one of the most efficient cosmetic butters for it has rejuvenating, emollient, healing and nourishing effects for the skin. It contains essential fatty acids, which the human organism cannot synthesize but they are a constituent of the membrane lipids. It contains the antioxidant vitamins A, E and D that kill off the free radicals that age your skin. Avocado butter also contains lecithin and unsaturated fatty acids that are beneficial to your skin. It plays a fundamental role in inflammatory and immunization reactions as well as in regulating cell permeability. Clinical tests have proved that avocado butter is easily absorbed by the epidermis and is compatible with almost all skin types. The Avocado oil is one of the most nutritious oils for the skin and has a regenerative and protective effect that stimulates the formation of collagen, thus improving the internal balance of the skin. It is very useful for skin massage because it has excellent skin penetration qualities and is ideal for dry and very dry skin. It also has antioxidant properties because it contains vitamins E, A, B1, B2, B3, fatty acids, proteins and minerals. Therefore, it is a very complete oil, ideal for use as a basic ingredient.
Argan seed oil (Argania Spinosa)
Argan tree nuts can also be known as the ‘Gold of Morocco’, used for centuries by Moroccan women to help moisturise and revitalise the skin. The unique combination of oxygenation, antioxidant and moisturizing properties in this oil can help to maintain skin elasticity while preventing moisture loss that can contribute to the aging process. This oil can make the skin look softer while limiting the appearance of stretch marks, under eye circles, burns and wrinkles as well and damage from smoking, pollution or harsh sunlight. It can help to regulate the sebum so that the skin will not look greasy and helps manage the body’s pH so the skin will be less likely to become irritated. Argan oil is ideal for softening wrinkles and leaves the skin feeling young and glowing.
Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca)
Apricot kernel oil is extracted from the kernel inside of the apricot pits, producing an oil with emollient and nourishing properties that help skin elasticity. Its fatty acid profile is like sweet almond oil being rich in oleic and linoleic acid. It is rich in vitamins A, C and E and contains anti-inflammatory phytosterols. It’s one of the lightest carrier oils available making it an ideal choice for facial care. Apricot kernel oil can safely be used as a base nourishing facial oil or even a cleansing oil. It’s safe for sensitive skin, doesn’t clog pores and absorbs into the skin very quickly. The fast absorbing, lightweight nature of apricot kernel oil also makes it an excellent choice for massage and aromatherapy. Apricot kernel oil has some anti-aging benefits. It’s recommended for dry and mature skin types due to its mild, highly moisturizing nature and rich antioxidant content. Daily use of apricot kernel oil can be used to help diminish the look of wrinkles and other signs of aging. Apricot kernel oil is very mild and safe for sensitive skin types. You can even use this oil for babies. If you have irritated or itchy skin, apricot kernel is a suitable, effortless way to moisturize safely do to its anti-inflammatory properties. It stimulates the production of sebum so therefore, it is useful for combination or dry skin characterised by a lack of epidermal and sebaceous lipids. Elasticising, it is useful in the treatment of wrinkles and stretch marks and protects the skin against the damage caused by atmospheric agents such as cold, wind and UV-rays. It can also be used in hair masks for a soft and shiny look. Apricot Kernel powder is granulated extract from the apricot bone and has a superficial exfoliating effect. It is not aggressive to the skin since it represents the ideal size for the dragging of the dead cells without getting to irritate the skin. In addition its high content of carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose, sorbitol, cellulose, hemicelluloses, pentosans and pectins), organic acids (mainly malic), phenolic and aromatic compounds, proteins, vitamins (ascorbic acid) and minerals (Magnesium and Potassium mainly) make it so that in addition to the mechanical drag effect, it has an antioxidant effect and a regulating activity of transepidermal water loss.
Allergy reaction warning: Since apricot kernel oil comes from a tree nut, it should be avoided by anyone with tree nut allergies.
Apple Extract(Pyrus Malus/Malus x Domestica)
Belonging to the rose family, these pomaceous tree fruits are related to pears and quinces. Apples are an extremely healthy fruit that is as good for your face as it is for your body. Apple extracts and essences are used in skin care for their rich nutritional profiles. Like papaya, apple extract is rich in antioxidants like vitamin C and natural acids. It is also high in polyphenols and catechins like those found in green tea. Apple has many skin care benefits for oily, acneic, dull and aging skin. Apple is a natural astringent that can help large pores appear smaller for oily skin types. Its tightening properties make apple perfect for toners. Rich vitamin C content in combination with astringent benefits can also help clear up the appearance of acne and rejuvenate the look of aging skin. Apple is also rich in natural alpha hydroxy acids that help to gently exfoliate your skin and break up the proteins that hold skin cells together. Like papaya extract, regular use of apple extract in your skin care products can help your skin appear brighter and smoother by sloughing away dead skin cells that can make your skin look dull.
Almond seed oil (Prunus Dulcis)
Pressed from the nut kernels of the almond tree, almond oil is an excellent skin-softening oil, historically used for centuries in skin care.
Almond oil helps provide extensive skin care and protects against drying out. The almond oil included in our products is 100% natural. It is mild, lightweight and easily absorbed into the skin as well as rich in unsaturated fats and essential fatty acids, such as linoleic acid. It is rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 and E.
Arnica Flower Extract (Arnica Montana)
Arnica is very effective in treating bruises, due to the concentration of thymol in its roots. In cosmetics, it is mainly used for anti-inflammatory properties and for an anti-aging effect. For its antiseptic, astringent, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and detoxifying properties, it is traditionally used to treat Couperose prone skin and it is also excellent for the treatment of acne.
It also helps treat red, damaged or tired skin.
Acai Fruit Extract(Euterpe Oleracea)
The palm of Acaí is an autochthonous plant (native) to the northern region of South America and is appreciated because of the nutritive properties of its fruit. There are studies that show that it is one of the fruits with greater antioxidant properties due to its dark purple coloration that are produced by compounds called anthocyanins. That is why this fruit is included in prestigious anti-aging diets.
African Locust Beans (Parkia Biglobosa)
The African locust bean tree can be found only in Africa, South-East Asia and Tropical South-America. The tree is an excellent source of protein, carbohydrate, lipid, tannin and essential vitamins such as vitamin C, minerals such as calcium, fat, potassium, ascorbic acid, phosphorus.
The African locust tree has very strong antioxidant and anti-oxidizing properties with additional anti-bacterial properties, which helps to treat bacterial infections. All parts of the tree can be used for various treatments, the seeds, roots, stems, barks, fruits, flowers and the leaves.
The bark is used for treating and healing wounds and toothache. The fruits are normally used to treat hypertension and boosting the immune system, especially in immunocompromised individuals. The root, bark, pod and leaves can be used for skin infections such as leprosy and sores.
It can also be applied to the skin to soothe burns. Roots are used in lotions for sore eyes.
Beeswax has many properties that makes it a natural product suitable for cosmetic and therapeutic purposes. It is a fatty excipient that takes advantage of its bacteriostatic, emollient, moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and cicatrizing qualities. Rich in vitamin A, beeswax removes impurities, whitens the skin and provides a brighter, whiter texture.
Black Pepper Essential Oil(Piper Nigrum)
Black Pepper is best known as a culinary spice. The warming benefits of the essential oil are used in aromatherapy for muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, sprains and stiffness. It can also used for colds and flu as well as for analgesic properties for skin care, while its warming effect stimulates blood flow.
Borage Oil(Borago Officinalis)
The benefits of “lamb’s tongue” plants have been exploited for centuries and now they have discovered the wonderful properties of oil extracted from its seeds. The oil obtained from the first cold pressing contains a rich source of gamma-linoleic acid and other antioxidant elements that stimulate growth and cell division. That is why it is an effective and natural anti-wrinkle product that regenerates, moisturizes and lightens the skin. Tongue oil is also rich in enzymes that prevent aging and help accelerate skin repair processes.
Beta-carotene is one of the orange/yellow pigments responsible for the colour of many fruits and vegetables such as carrots, oranges and apricots.
It is also widely found in green leafy vegetables but its colour is masked by the green chlorophyll. This is the reason for leaves falling in autumn and winter, as when the level of chlorophyll drops the leaves turn a reddish colour as the beta-carotene becomes visible and the leaves fall. Beta-carotene has antioxidant properties.
Bergamot (Citrus aurantium bergamia)
Bergamot is named after the Italian town of Bergamo where the fruit was originally cultivated. The fruit is a surprisingly nutritious citrus fruit that has a fresh scent with multiple uses. The essential oil is taken from the peel of the fruit and has an extremely rich, sweet and fruity fragrance. Bergamot’s delicate scent has made it a popular ingredient for perfumery for centuries. It is widely used by aromatherapists to relieve stress, depression and insomnia. It can help the skin gain a velvety feeling, preventing the epidermis from dehydration.
Bitter Orange (Citrus aurantium amara)
Bitter orange has highly fragrant white flowers, which are followed by green fruits that ripen to reddish-orange at maturity. Like other members of the citrus family, the trees can have both ripening fruit and flowers hanging from their branches at the same time. The flowers, leaves and fruit are all dotted with tiny oil glands from which an array of essential oils is produced. Bitter orange essential oil has a fresh, dry, odour with a lasting, sweet, floral undertone. While notes are reminiscent of bergamot, grapefruit and sweet orange, the dominant scent is unique. It regenerates and tones skin, favouring cell renewal.
Basil Essential Oil(Ocimum Basilicum)
Basil oil has a sweet-spicy, fresh aroma, with faint balsamic woody undertones and a lasting sweetness. Named after the Greek word basileus meaning ‘king’, basil arrived in India over 4000 years ago, spreading itself across Asia and finally arriving in Europe where it’s now a popular culinary herb.
Blackcurrant Extract(Ribes Nigrum)
Blackcurrants grow throughout the world and it provides the experience of lush, sweet and green, with a fruity note and undertones of red wine. It is an excellent antioxidant with anti-wrinkle properties, which helps protects the skin against early aging and keeps the skin elastic. Thanks to the omega-3 it acts on inflammatory processes reducing redness, soothing irritations and eczemas.
Bamboo Stems Powder(Bambusa arundinacea)
Bamboo originally comes from Tibet, China, India and Malaysia and holds a special place in Oriental cultures as a very spiritual material with an infinite number of uses. The powder is rich in silicic acid with exfoliating and smoothing properties and it can help to eliminate dead skin cells and to clean pores, leaving a brighter and clearer complexion.
Burdock Root Extract (Arctium lappa)
It favours the skin’s correct physiology promoting a decongestant and purifying action and carries out a regulating action on the sebaceous glands. The secretion (the mucilage) has soothing properties including polyacetylenes that promotes antibacterial and antimicrobial activity, which in turn helps with scalp problems, hair growth and skin treatments such as psoriasis, eczema, acne and skin dryness.
Banana (Musa acuminate colla)
Bananas have a long history in skin care because of its rich nutritious health benefits. Bananas are high in vitamin A, B, E and are a good source of potassium, zinc, iron and manganese. It also contains a protein called serotonin also known as the ‘happy hormone’. The peel and pulp of ripe bananas are found to have anti-fungal and antibiotic properties. It can be used on mosquito bites that can help to stop the stinging sensation and reduce the swelling. The young leaves have been used as poultices on burns. An antioxidant property helps to prevent against free radicals and control cell and tissue damage. A banana is a great nourishing moisturiser for tired, dry dehydrated skin, but it’s also good for acne and oily skin to some extent.
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi)
Uva ursi is a small shrub with a history of medicinal use dating back to the 2nd century. It has been widely used as a diuretic, astringent and antiseptic. It has anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, anti-septic, astringent, diuretic and relaxant (muscle) properties. It is most commonly used in cosmetics as an extract from Bearberry leaves, which have been shown to effectively scavenge free radicals. (Free radicals – molecules are made of atoms and atoms are made of pairs of electrons but when an atom is missing an electron, that’s when we talk of free radicals. Free radicals can damage the skin by trying to grab an extra electron from atoms in the skin. When atoms are taken away from molecules in the skin, it causes damage to our skin’s DNA that can speed up skin aging).
This plant extract comes with protective antioxidants and has natural cleansing properties, which helps to minimize the appearance of pores, helping skin feel smoother and more uniform while reducing puffiness.
Bee Venom extract (apis toxikon) – Apitoxin
Bee venom apitherapy is known to have been practiced in ancient Egypt, Greece and China. Ancient civilizations recognized the healing properties of bee venom for treating arthritis and other joint problems. Today, growing scientific evidence suggests that bee products can promote healing by improving circulation, decreasing inflammation and stimulating a healthy immune response. Bee venom contains about 40 different healing components of which the most dominant are melittin, adolapin and apamin. Melittin has a 26-residue peptide and is the major component of bee venom and research suggests that it has anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti-cancer and anti-microbial properties. Along with the other components, it works to boost immunity and quickens the healing process. Each of the above components has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to reduce inflammation in the body. It has a regenerating, purifying, antioxidant effect and epithelializing of propolis. It can help to provide the effects of flexibility, elasticity and tone given by collagen and also helps repair damaged cells thanks to its regenerative and antibacterial properties. In addition, it acts as a protective barrier against radical damages to the skin. It relaxes the facial muscle contractions leaving the skin smooth.
Bladder Wrack (Fucus vesiculosus)
Bladder wrack is one of the most common types of seaweed found on submerged rocks on both coasts of North America, and in Europe, north of the Mediterranean, where it drifts in from time to time through the Strait of Gibraltar. It has been an herbal remedy and a culinary element in various cultures for centuries. The high levels of mucilage, beta-carotene, iodine, potassium, zeaxanthin and other organic compounds give this herb so much power if you are suffering from gout, arthritis, haemorrhoids, or skin irritation. Bladder wrack can successfully neutralize the irritation, reduce swelling, and even relieve pain. There are many valuable minerals found in Bladder wrack that can help to make your skin beautiful, but there are also powerful natural organic chemicals that can slow down the aging process. The antioxidants in Bladder wrack keep the skin looking healthy and young, reducing age spots and blemishes, and lessens the appearance of wrinkles. Antioxidants can also boost skin elasticity, keeping you looking tight and toned well.
Bee Pollen extract (Apis mellifera)
Bee pollen consists of plant pollens collected by bee workers, combined with plant nectar and bee saliva. These are then packed into small dust pellets, which are used as a food source for the male drones. Bee Pollen has been described as “nature’s perfect food” as is a highly concentrated food source containing a complex supply of quality nutrients, rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements, enzymes, and amino acids. It has been traditionally used for a variety of purposes such as acne, nourishing cells and tissue beneath the skin, a great moisturizer for dry skin and wrinkles.
Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita matricaria)
The ancient Egyptians already used chamomile for a large number of medicinal uses. Hydrosol extracted from the upper flowers of the feverfew possess anti-inflammatory qualities that provides soothing, redness calming and relief and helps with irritations, intolerance reactions. It is an effective ally to treat an irritated scalp and has richness in flavonoids providing a soothing, relaxing and anti-inflammatory effect. It also contains vitamin B that explains its moisturizing and antibacterial power. The high content of alpha-bisabolol in chamomile favours cell regeneration. It stimulates microcirculation and the activity of fibroblasts and promotes the synthesis of collagen, elastic fibres and hyaluronic acid, thus favouring the repair of the dermis and epidermis.
Clary Sage (SalviaSsclarea)/ (Salvia Sclarea Idrolato)
Clary Sage oil is distilled from the flowering tops and leaves of the plant, which grow best in the Mediterranean region. The oil has a sweet, herbaceous, warm tobacco-like fragrance. It is used in aromatherapy to reduce stress and has an anti-depressant effect. The herb has been used for centuries in many different cultures both as a culinary and medicinal herb. The Egyptians used it to treat infertility, the Romans believed it prolonged life and in the Middle Ages it was said to have a ‘miracle’ curing power. Clary Sage water has many virtues and uses that act on irritated skin thanks to its soothing and anti-inflammatory action. It has a toning effect and is very suitable to help dehydrated and chapped skin. It also regenerates dry and stressed hair.
Cornflower Extract(Centaurea cyanus)
Cornflowers were found in Tutankamun’s tomb and were almost as blue as they would have been in 1550BC. It has anti-inflammatory and healing properties that help with cell repair. Being rich in flavonoids and amino acids it has decongestant, toning, astringent, antiseptic, soothing, calming and moisturizing properties.
Camphor oil has an uplifting and stimulating effect on both the skin and the mind. Extracted from the evergreen camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora). People use camphor topically to relieve pain and reduce itching. It has also been used to treat fungal infections of the toenail, warts, cold sores, haemorrhoids, and osteoarthritis. Camphor is used topically to increase local blood flow and as a “counterirritant,” which reduces pain and swelling by causing irritation. For this ability has been add to many rub-on-products for cold sores, insect stings and bites.
Cranberry Seed Oil(Vaccinium Macrocarpon)
This oil is produced by pressing the seeds from cranberries. Being rich in omegas 3, 6 and 9 it is an easily absorbed moisturising oil. Cranberries are proof to the rich and beautiful harvest of nature and grow even in the harsh northern regions. The unique composition of the fen berries endows the extract with very valuable properties: it is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants and it stimulates the natural rejuvenation processes of the skin.
Cocoa Bean Butter(Theobroma cacao)
The Aztecs and Mayas believed that the cacao tree was a gift from the Gods. The Greek word ‘theobroma’ translated means “food of the Gods”.
The Cacao tree is said to have originated from the virgin rainforests of the Amazon and Orinoco basins. This rich, creamy butter which has moisturising effects on the skin is made from the roasted seeds of the cocoa tree that are the same seeds that give us chocolate and cocoa.
It has antioxidant and nourishing properties and carries out a protective action thanks to its fatty acids, in particular linoleic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid. It also contains polyphenols that fight free radicals, vitamin E, a natural antioxidant, phytosterols with an anti-inflammatory and repairing action and squalene, a component naturally present in skin and sebum. Cacao butter also restores elasticity, promotes healthy collagen production and provides powerful antioxidant protection. The natural caffeine in Cocoa Bean helps stimulate microcirculation for a rosy glow and optimal skin health.
Calendula Extract(Calendula officinalis)
This cheerful plant more commonly known as marigold has a long history of use in traditional medicine. The extract is rich in triterpenes, flavonoids, polysaccharides, carotenes and phytosterols. Due to those properties, Calendula extract has remarkable antiseptic, soothing and soothing redness properties, which in the field of cosmetics, makes it suitable for sensitive and inflamed skin requiring hydration. At the same time, when applied topically, it has an anti-inflammatory and strong healing action. Due to its content in acetylsalicylic acid, it has been considered of great help in the disappearance of viral warts from the skin.
Cucumber Extract(Cucumis sativus)
Cucumber extract is famous for its moisturizing, refreshing, decongestant and softening action due to contains traces of useful nutrients, including potassium, silicon and sulphur. It contains abundant amounts of phenolic compounds and vitamin C, which makes it an excellent ally when it comes to combating wrinkles and whitening the skin. Traditionally used as a compress this nourishing and refreshing ingredient is calming and soothing. The pulp of the fruit is softening, astringent, anti-inflammatory, and emollient and has a lightning action on small marks.
Coriander is native to southern Europe and the western Mediterranean region. The essential oil is distilled from the dried fruits (seeds) of the plant and has a sweet, musky, spicy, woody aroma. As the seeds dry they develop an aromatic scent and flavour and this has been used to advantage for thousands of years. The seeds have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs and reference was made to them in ancient Sanskrit writings. The ancient Romans used the spice to preserve their meat.
Carnauba Wax(Copernicia cerifera)
This natural plant wax comes from the leaves of the carnauba tree that is native to South America. Its’ leaves are covered by a waxy coating which helps them tolerate drought, the drier the conditions, the more wax is produced. This wax can be used to help provide a protective barrier on the skin.
The essential oil produced from this evergreen tree has a woody, smoky odour. It has natural fixative properties which mean it can be added to a fragrance to help it last longer.
Clementine(Citrus reticulata ‘clementine’)
The clementine is a member of the large family of small citrus fruits. Clementine oil is produced by the expression of the peel and aromatherapists classify the sweet essential oil as both extremely uplifting and balancing.
Comfrey Extract(Symphytum officinale)
Its name comes from the Latin ‘con firma’, meaning to grow together. This and some of its other common names including bruisewort, boneset and knitbone suggest its history of use in herbal medicine. Comfrey contains allantoin, an ingredient prescribed in the early 20th century as a remedy for a variety of skin disorders. Allantoin has a powerful repairing and healing properties and helps to soften and protect while actively soothing skin. It also stimulates cell regeneration promoting healthy skin. It comes from an extract from the root of the comfrey plant and is a soothing, non-irritating ingredient that has the ability to help heal the skin and stimulate the growth of healthy tissue. It works as an effective skin softener.
Carrot Seed Essential Oil(Daucus carota)
The first cultivated types of carrot came from Afghanistan about 1300 years ago. The carrot’s umbrella-shaped clusters of small, white to green-yellow flowers are followed by small, oval, dull brown fruits commonly referred to as seeds. The oil obtained from these seeds has a distinctive sweet-spicy, earthy fragrance and is commonly used in chypre and oriental perfumes. As this it a powerful antiseptic, disinfectant, detoxifying, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, carminative, depurative, diuretic, emenagogue, stimulant, cytophylactic, tonic, and vermifuge substance.
Cotton extract(Gossypium herbaceum)
Cotton sugars create a barrier over the fibres of each cotton seed to protect them from the elements. Cotton extract works in the same way on hair, forming a barrier that works to improve the smoothness of each hair shaft. Smooth hair reflects more light in the same direction resulting in hair that appears glossier and healthier. For its proteins, minerals and essential oils, it helps to protect the skin against dehydration and irritations. It perfectly nourishes the skin and provides protection to oversensitive epidermis. The oil visibly accelerates skin regeneration processes, calms the existing irritations and reduces skin irritability.
Ceylon Cinnamon tree(Cinnamomum verum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum)
The cinnamon tree has been known and prized as a spice and fragrance ingredient for at least four millennia. There is evidence of cinnamon being shipped to Egypt as early as 2000BC. Cinnamon is among the handful of plants mentioned in the Bible several times as a fragrancing ingredient and cinnamon leaves are a by-product of the production of the bark quills for spice. Essential cinnamon oil has a strong, woody, spicy flavour and can be used as a treatment for infections and other skin problems, including benign tumours. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, which makes it a natural treatment against inflammation.
Coconut oil(Coco nucifera (coconut) oil)
The coconut palm, ‘cocos nucifera’, is a large palm reaching 30 metres (nearly 100 feet) in height. The coconut oil is one of the most used oils for hydration skin and hair. It is obtained from the first cold pressing of the coconut fruit, providing a deep hydration. This helps strengthen the inner layers of the skin and favours the removal of dead cells from the outside, making the skin dry and hard to touch. Coconut oil is mainly composed of medium chain fatty acids or medium chain triglycerides, highly fats studied for their antiviral, antibacterial and fungicidal properties.
Cypress(Cupressus sempervirens (cyperus) absolute)
Cypress is an evergreen tree native to Southern Europe but is now widely cultivated in Spain, France, and Morocco. The cypress oil is known for having properties such as astringent, antiseptic, antispasmodic, deodorant, diuretic, hemostatic, hepatic, styptic, sudorific, vasoconstricting, respiratory tonic and sedative substance. It can be used to treat varicose veins, cellulite and any other condition caused by poor blood circulation. Due to the natural antiseptic properties, the oil is often used as an ingredient in antiseptic creams and lotions. Cypress oil is also very good for relieving muscle and joint pain and it can be used to ease the symptoms of complaints such as arthritis, rheumatism and osteoarthritis.
Caviar, also known as ‘black gold’ is synonym with luxury and prosperity. The name ‘caviar’ is used for the salted roe (eggs) of certain species of fish, most notably sturgeon. The nutritive ingredients in Caviar Complex are considered luxury pearls for skin vitality. Caviar extract is a complete cocktail of pure and concentrated marine substances with a high content of essential amino acids, structured peptides, proteins, essential fatty acids, trace elements and iodine. All these components have an extraordinary power to regenerate the skin and provide skin firmness. The main qualities of caviar cream are their contributions nutrients and cell regenerating capacity, favouring the disappearance of such undesirable and age-appropriate wrinkles, achieving a miraculous effect on the neck and face. Caviar cream plays a restructuring function on the stratum corneum or skin surface, it is rich in carbohydrates, protein and vitamin F, and essential fatty acids that stimulate cell regeneration, therefore it feeds cells. Moreover, alpha hydroxy acids oxygenate, refine and leave a more luminous skin.
Carob Tree bean gum (Ceratonia siliqua)
Carob tree (also knows as Locust tree) is a species of flowering evergreen shrub in the pea family. Fabaceae is native to Syria and Palestine, which has spread to the South and West Mediterranean coasts of Italy and Spain. The seeds and pulp from this tree are a natural alternative to collagen and hyaluronic acid. It is used as components to regenerate the elasticity and firmness of the skin. It promotes natural micro-reparation processes in aggravated skins, improving its density and elasticity, and revealing a more visible, fleshy, soft and rejuvenated skin.
Copaiba Balsam(Copaifera officinalis)
Copaiba is a giant tree native to the humid or tropical climatic regions of South America. Copaiba balsam is a sap-like substance (oleoresin) collected from the trunk of trees. For internal use, people take copaiba balsam for treating bronchitis, haemorrhoids, constipation, diarrhoea, and bladder infections and other urinary tract infections (UTIs). As for the external use, Copaiba Balsam is useful to heal wounds, stop bleeding, cure skin sores, psoriasis, eczema. Also treat all kinds of pain, arthritis, skin problems and insect bites. They also use this resin to calm irritation or inflammation.
Castor Seed Oil (Ricinus communis)
Castor oil has been around for a very long time, and has been widely used for medicinal purposes in its native lands spread across Africa, the Indian subcontinent and the Mediterranean basin. The Ricinoleic Acid, Oleic Acid, Linoleic Acid and other fatty acids found in castor oil are very effective in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, and gout and it has been added many times to other medicines used for rheumatism to facilitate their penetration and to enhance the effects. Due to its germicidal and disinfectant properties (Undecylenic Acid ) found in Castor seed oil, it is also useful for treating skin diseases and skin ulcers, particularly those which are caused due to bacterial or fungal infections and due to Ricin and Ricinoleic acid, it protects the scalp and hair from microbial and fungal infections, the two prime causes of hair loss. In addition to this, the fatty acids in it nourish hair and prevent the scalp from drying by retaining moisture well.
Citric acid (AHA)
Citric acid has a high AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) and is used as an antioxidant ingredient. Its pH-regulating function makes the contents of cosmetics fit the pH of the epidermis. At the same time it has a certain ability to exfoliate and lighten the skin hyperpigmentation, so it unifies the tone and brings much luminosity to the skin. The aim of alpha hydroxy acids is to accelerate the exfoliation process to repair damages caused by the sun and to fill in wrinkles so it unifies the tone and brings much luminosity to the skin. It is also an effective remedy for stains caused by age, dark circles, stretch marks and acne. One of the main benefits of alpha hydroxy acids is hydration, since they act directly in the epidermis (surface layer of the skin) fixing of water in cells, which is important in a person’s appearance. While hydrated skin is smooth, the skin which does not have enough water is rough, loses elasticity and becomes pale. Hydration also helps eliminate flaking or the elimination of dead cells. Fruit acids are involved in deeply cleaning the epidermis (a process called exfoliation), gently but effectively stimulating collagen generation and the body substance, which provides skin firmness and freshness. Additionally, they have anti-stain effect, as they favour more rapidly pigment elimination (the pigment that gives colour to the skin, called melanin) due to sun exposure.
Chia seed oil (Salvia hispanica)
Chia (seed of Spanish sage) seed oil is a rich source of fatty acids and is a high source of omega-3 (as alpha-linoleic acid). It is a great source of protein plus unsaturated fatty acids, linolenic and palmitic acids. Is also a rich source of phenolic acids and isoflavones. In skincare, due to natural anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, it helps with acne-prone skin as well as diminishing the appearance of breakouts. It is perfect for levelling out oily skin, fighting infection and preventing scarring and reducing redness. It is also great for people who suffer with dry, cracked and itching skin, it improves the quality of the epidermis layer and prevents signs of aging and helps heal the overall health of your skin.
Caffeine, from coffee bean extract, black tea and green tea are all used in moisturisers and skin treatments. It stimulates blood flow, has the same pH as our skin and is a powerful antioxidant. It can help with range of skin conditions including cellulite, stretch marks, scarring, psoriasis, acne and, of course, dry skin.
CoQ10, a vitamin-like nutrient, is naturally produced in the body and is a key element in energy production with powerful antioxidant protection, which prevents oxidation of skin lipids, protects against free radicals and UV radiation. It protects our body against free radicals and exerts a protective effect on cell membranes. It is a natural fat-soluble antioxidant necessary for a proper functioning of every cell in our body. It is naturally produced by our body and we could not survive without it. It is an anti-aging compound, which helps to reduce wrinkles depth. It reduces skin oxidation, minimizing fine lines. It helps to stop our skin collagen degradation. It restores the skin’s lipid barrier, favouring the proper functioning of cell membranes.
Collagen – hydrolysed
Collagen is the most abundant protein in our body and is the basic component of tissues and organs.
It is produced by specialised cells that are stimulated by the consumption of vitamin C, nevertheless, most of them are manufactured by a particular type of cell, called “fibroblasts” which are located in the extracellular matrix or connective tissue. Collagen is arranged in various networks and in different ways, depending on where it is located, and it resists tensile movements, providing elasticity and firmness. Collagen function provides support for organs and tissue formation. In addition it allows structure integration when hydrating the body where it retains the water and nourishes and hydrates the skin. It restores suppleness and gives freshness to the skin. As a result, it provides a smoother skin with the reduction of wrinkles with a more youthful and fresh appearance.
Cow milk (raw)
What is “raw milk” exactly? It’s milk that comes from grass fed cows and is unpasteurised and unhomogenized. This means raw milk contains all of its natural enzymes, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals so a complete food. When it’s added to skincare products and applied to the skin, the skin absorbs the natural products and ingredients within the lotion. This means that if you’re using a raw milk moisturising lotion, all the vitamins will be soaked into your skin and released in your bloodstream.
Damask Rose (Rosa damascena)
The damask rose is the oldest of all the rose varieties and it is suitable for all skin types. It soothes inflamed or delicate skin and in the case of sensitive, dry or mature skin it carries out an astringent, toning and anti-wrinkle action. Also used in aromatherapy, water from the Damask rose provides a beneficial effect on the mind and body, its use is practically unlimited. It is refreshing and soothes skin inflammations and is also suitable as eye decongestant. It is very useful on aging skin with visible expression lines and can be used as toner for all skin types, even on the delicate skin of children.
Otherwise known as pro-vitamin B5, this B vitamin is necessary for the normal functioning of the skin and has a moisturising effect. It also helps stimulate cellular renewal.
Dragon’s blood extract (Croton drago)
Drago, also called ‘sangre de grado’ in Spanish is a plant not a tree as some think it is. It is native to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira and western Morocco and it’s been known and prized since ancient times. Dragon’s blood itself is a resinous substance – in it is actuality a tree sap and not a gum as is commonly thought of. It is rich in proanthocyanidins and a biologically active alkaloid called taspine, known to help barrier function properties, which makes this plant the most natural and powerful antioxidant. For this reason, it’s also the one most hailed for medicinal advantages and not just in skincare products. It’s been recorded that just a single drop of dragon’s blood is equivalent to 2lbs of raw kale or 3 apples worth of antioxidants. It possesses an excellent regenerative property for the skin tissue providing a nutritious and invigorating effect.
Dandelion Rhizome/Root Extract(Taraxacum officinale)
Dandelion is one of the most nutritious plants you will find. Dandelions are packed full of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, and D, as well as calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, boron, potassium, manganese, and choline. Dandelion is a fabulous herb for eczema, acne, age spots, and skin blemishes. Refreshes, soothes and calms dry or irritated skin.
Dead Sea Salt (Maris Sal)
The waters of the Mar Menor have been used since ancient times in different corporal beauty treatments. The properties of its waters are due in large part to the climatic conditions to which this salt lagoon has been exposed. The ionic concentrations measured for some elements, such as magnesium, calcium, sodium, bromine, iodine and fluorine, are much higher than those in the Mediterranean and very similar to those of the renowned Dead Sea. It is demonstrated that thermal treatments with this type of salt water produce an osmotic effect in the interstitial tissues of the human body and a consequent activation of the whole blood system. As a result, there is toxic particle removal and muscle relaxation.
Devil’s Claw extract (Harpagophytum procumbens)
This plant is native of South Africa and its roots and the tubers have been historically used in the treatment of pain, fever, malaria and kidney and liver conditions, boils and sores. The dried roots of the plant have been traditionally used to relieve pain and inflammation, as an appetite stimulant and to relieve indigestion and heartburn. These days, devil’s claw is a popular natural remedy in parts of Europe especially in France and Germany. In fact, the German regulatory body – the Commission E has approved its use for arthritis as well as back, hip and knee pain. Because of its excellent anti-inflammatory properties, many people use devil’s claw topically to help ease muscular and joint inflammation, pain like arthritis and gout, headaches, rheumatism, gout, tendonitis and bursitis. It can also be topically applied to help treat minor wounds, bruises, scrapes.
Eucalyptus Essential Oil(Eucalyptus globulus)
Native to Australia, eucalyptus shoots are a favourite food of the koala. The cooling essential oil produced from the leaves and twigs has decongestant properties and is used by aromatherapists to ease muscular aches and pains.
Eyebright Extract(Euphrasia officinalis)
Eyebright is said to be named after Euphrosyne, the Greek goddess of good cheer, joy, mirth and merriment because of the gladness it brought to sufferers of eye problems.
This tiny plant is still used by herbalists today to help to soothe eye irritations and inflammations. Decongests eyelids and reduces signs of tiredness and heaviness.
Echinacea Extract(Echinacea angustifolia/purpurea)
This pretty flower from the same family as sunflowers and daisies has striking purple petals. It is said to be named because the spiky conical seed head in the centre of the petals resembles a hedgehog (echinos is Greek for hedgehog). Native Americans first used this plant and it has been used widely in herbal preparations ever since for anything ranging from colds and flu to skin conditions. The extract of Echinacea accelerates healing processes by improving also skin-deep hydration. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory activity and anti-redness, is also used in the treatment of sensitive and easy to redness skin.
Evening primrose(Oenothera biennis)
Evening primrose is a powerful inhibitor of 5-alpha-reductase with an important beneficial effect in preventing acne and hair loss. Very rich in linoleic acid, it is one of the rare oils that contain gamma linolenic acid. These essential fatty acids are building blocks of cellular membranes and have soothing, revitalising, restructuring and anti-wrinkle properties. Evening Primrose oil is also rich in vitamin E therefore it prevents early skin aging and leaves nails and hair looking beautiful.
Elastin is a protein found on the skin and body tissues. It helps to keep skin supple and soft. It is an essential protein to keep the skin healthy, soft, firm and supple. Therefore, elastin is an element that keeps our skin young. When a person grows, he or she begins to show wrinkles on the cheeks and on the eye periphery, what means that elastin has begun to decline.
Hydrolyzed Elastin is a natural moisturising and conditioning ingredient. It is a humectant, which means that it helps skin cells to attract and retain moisture. It helps to heal damaged skin, and to smooth and soften the skin especially those with dry or mature skin that looks lifeless and listless. It plays a big role in helping retain water on the surface of the skin and ensuring that clogging of the pore does not happen.
Derived from coconut and palm oils our foaming agents are especially mild with a rich luxurious foam to leave the skin gently cleansed and soft.
Fennel Seeds Oil(Foeniculum vulgare)
Antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal properties. It has a skin toning action and helps prevent the formation of acne. It has a remarkable revitalising, stimulating, dermo-purifying and lightening action.
Florentine Iris Root Extract(Iris pallida)
Extracted from the roots of Florentine Iris. It has outstanding nourishing, moisturizing and elasticising properties that fight wrinkles, dryness and skin slackening.
Faba (Fava) Bean Extract (Vicia faba)
The Faba or Fava beans are also know as broad beans and are among the oldest crops in the world. Native to North Africa and part of south Asia plus they are now extensively cultivated all over the globe. The broad beans are a treasure trove of assorted minerals and vitamins. Some of those include magnesium, potassium, iron, copper, phosphorous, vitamin B1, and thiamine.
Fenugreek Seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
Fenugreek seeds are known to have excellent anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Hence, their dust can reduce skin inflammation caused by wounds, eczema, burns, etc and accelerate the healing procedure. It is a natural anti-ageing remedy. Being rich in niacin or vitamin B3, it can repair already damaged skin cells and regenerate new ones effectively. As a result it can help to reduce wrinkles, age spots and fine lines. Fenugreek is one of the most effective solutions for dandruff, it can curb various issues related to hair follicles and make each of our hair strands strong from the roots. As it holds plenty of protein as well as nicotinic acid, the growth of hair is stimulated to a large extent. Due to the lecithin, it will make hair naturally shiny and with its natural moisturizing and conditioning properties, it will help with dryness and repairing damaged hair.
Fruit acids (AHAS)
Fruit acids are commonly used to exfoliate the skin. The aim of alphahydroxy acids is to accelerate the exfoliation process to repair damages caused by the sun and to fill in wrinkles. It is also an effective remedy for stains caused by age, melisma, dark circles, stretch marks and acne. One of the main benefits of alphahydroxy acids is hydration, since they act directly in the epidermis (surface layer of the skin) fixing of water in cells, which is important in a person’s appearance. While hydrated skin is smooth, the skin which does not have enough water is rough, loses elasticity and becomes pale; hydration also favours flaking or the elimination of dead cells. Fruit acids are involved in deeply cleaning epidermis (a process called exfoliation), gently but effectively, stimulating collagen generation, a body substance that provides skin firmness and freshness. Additionally, they have anti-stain effect, as they favour more rapidly pigment elimination (the pigment that gives colour to the skin, called melanin) due to Sun exposure.
CITRIC ACID: Citric acid is a natural compound that is particularly concentrated in citrus fruits and helps in skin repair. It has astringent, exfoliating and regenerating properties. It closes dilated pores and promotes the elimination of dead cells, stimulating new cells formation for a total change of skin. The skin recovers its transparency and radiance.
LACTIC ACID: It is extracted from plants such as blueberry and malta, while from animals it can be obtained from sour milk. It accelerates the natural process of cell renewal and skin scaling by sloughing of the superficial layers. It is mainly used as a chemical anti-aging to smooth contours; to reduce damage caused by sunlight, improve the texture and skin tone, and improve the appearance in general.
MALIC ACID: It can be found in green apples and it is used to fight sunspots. When applied to the skin, it closes pores, increases softness and constrains signs of wrinkles or fine lines and exfoliates the skin.
SALICYLIC ACID: It comes from the bark of the tree called willow and it has capacity for cellular renewal.
TARTARIC ACID: It is found in the grapes and it is used to fight sunspots. It gives the skin a softer texture while it looks more healthy and moisturised, improving the flexibility of layer cornea, skin elasticity and melasma condition (spots).
Grapefruit Essential Oil(Citrus grandis)
The name grapefruit originated because the fruits grow in clusters that resemble grapes. Rich in flavonoids and vitamin C that inhibit tyrosinase and melanogenesis (marks). An uplifting and reviving oil, it is used by aromatherapists for detoxifying.
Green Tea Extract(Camellia sinensis)
Green tea extract is derived from the leaves of the plant. It is naturally rich in vitamins and polyphenols (antioxidants) that has a cell-protecting function from the damaging effect of free radicals. Green tea extract also contains the methylxanthines that stimulates skin microcirculation and therefore positively influence the tone and healthy glow of the skin, decrease wrinkles, improve elasticity and slow down skin aging. Green tea extract is a good anti-inflammatory agent thereby reducing inflammation in the skin.
Ginkgo Extract(Ginkgo biloba)
Also known as maidenhair tree, these trees are thought to be one of the oldest on the planet, first growing 190 million years ago! Native to China, the trees are widely cultivated for their leaves, which are a well known herbal remedy when taken in tablet form for poor memory and dementia. Herbalists have also used extracts on the skin for their stimulating and tonic properties. The extract of Gingko Biloba has more than remarkable venotonic effects, acting as neuroprotector, vasodilator at peripheral level and antioxidant.
Geranium Essential Oil(Pelargonium graveolens)
Geranium essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves that are found throughout Africa, Russia and China. This essential oil provides a wonderfully uplifting fragrance. Pelargonium graveolens, known as rose-scented geranium has a powerful rose-like fragrance. This luxurious oil with a delicate green/floral fragrance is most commonly used in aromatherapy for its toning and balancing properties. Geranium essential oil is slightly astringent, antibacterial and antimicrobial helping to clear the appearance of acne and balance oily complexions. It is useful in the treatment of fragile capillaries, dermatitis and irritations. This essential oil, with its sebum-balancing properties, is ideal for combination skin. It keeps the skin smooth and elastic. In addition, geranium also has toning properties that help to reduce the appearance of fine lines and make the skin look tighter. As a cicatrising, geranium can help reduce the appearance of scars and other spots. Its strong scent is also a natural deodorizer making geranium a great ingredient for all natural deodorants when combined with other antibacterial essential oils. In aromatherapy, geranium oil is considered to be balancing and calming to the soul.
The glycerine we use is always vegetable derived. It is a humectant (attracts water), drawing atmospheric water onto the skin to aid hydration.
Green algae(Chlorella vulgaris)
Chlorella is a single-celled, spherical, green algae that has been widely used for scientific studies. It reproduces rapidly asexually and is fuelled by carbon dioxide, water, the sun, and a small amount of minerals. High levels of chlorophyll and vitamins have lead to chlorella being sold as a supplement, marketed as an alternative to spirulina or wheatgrass. It provides skin-toning and firming properties.
Grape vine (Vitis vinifera)
Grape vine fruits are well known for their real source of nourishing and antioxidant substances rich in polyphenols, vitamins, sugars, mineral salts, fibres and fruit acids. It leaves the skin softer and with a lighter complexion and prevents damage caused by free radicals, the main cause of skin aging. Grapes, in addition to their many properties are bleaching and help cell regeneration, helping to slow aging and stimulating the production of collagen in the skin. Grape leaf extract activates the micro-vascular system of the dermis due to a large amount of quercetin and routine. For this reason, it’s considered to be venotonic, vasoprotective, astringent and diuretic.
Aromatic and spicy, ginger has a multitude of therapeutic properties when ingested, however its essential oil adds an energising and warming flourish to fragrance.
Glycolic Acid (alpha-hydroxy acids / AHA)
Glycolic acid (also known as Hydroxyacetic acid or AHA) is probably the best known of the family of hydroxide acids or fruit acids. Because it has the smallest molecular chain, it easily penetrates the deeper layers of the skin, allowing it to be an excellent natural ingredient to treat problems like acne, as well as to erase the signs of aging. Derived from sugar cane, glycolic acid is considered a natural product. It is often classified such as citric acid (extracted from fruits like oranges and lemons). Its properties make it an excellent natural moisturizer and exfoliating. It is used to deeply penetrate into the skin and it helps to release the layers of dead cells that are accumulated on the skin surface, significantly improving skin appearance and texture to look and feel smoother and appear softer and more radiant.
Gold (trace element – Au)
Gold is another ancient beauty secret. Gold molecules helps increase deep cellular repair and renewal, slowing the aging process, helps to repair DNA damage, helps to restore the lost elasticity of tissues and activate the energy and firmness. Gold is a natural mineral that is easily absorbed by the body.
It increases the body’s defences against various negative and unfavourable influences of the environment and the symptoms of aging. It helps to supply the lowest natural production of enzymes by the body.
Goat milk (Hircus majorensis goat milk)
Goat Milk has been used since ancient times as a natural cleanser. It is one of the finest moisturisers and has excellent emollient properties. Goat Milk contains vitamin A, and several B vitamins including riboflavin, niacin, B6, B12. Vitamin A is extremely important in skin care and aids in curtailing acne and may also help with eczema. Goat milk contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA), which are believed to have rejuvenating effects on skin cells and also the rich butterfat softens and moisturises. It is an exfoliating agent, which will leave your skin smoother and younger looking. Removing dead skin cells will help many skin conditions by removing any irritation. Goat milk contains many vitamins, but is particularly high in Vitamin A, which is necessary to repair damaged skin tissue, and maintain healthy skin. There have been several medical studies showing that creams made with Vitamin A reduce lines and wrinkles, control acne, and provide some psoriasis relief. Goat milk contains important minerals for the skin such as selenium. Selenium is believed by scientists to have an important role in preventing skin cancer. Selenium can also help prevent damage to the skin from excessive time in the sun.
Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)
Gotu Kola (also known as Pennyworth) is a well-known herb traditionally used in the treatment of skin damage as well as for circulatory enhancement as far back as the 17th century where it was used in civilizations in Africa, India, Java, France, Sri Lanka and the Philippines. It has been shown to have many healing attributes acting as a general tonic for overall skin and circulatory health. When applied to the skin it has been shown to speed the healing of damaged tissue and to minimize scarring. Gotu Kola is rich in saponins, which are well known for their beneficial tissue impact where they stimulate skin repair and strengthen hair and nails. This activity is dramatic enough to improve the look of cellulite and other skin imperfections. Gotu Kola provides positive effect on connective tissue supports its application in anti-aging cosmetics. Most of the signs of aging skin can be traced back to two conditions; the breakdown of the skin’s natural moisture barrier and weakened collagen bundles. As an addition to the anti-aging skin care treatments, Gotu Kola can have a dramatic positive impact on the underlying issue of collagen support. The first steps to creating effective anti-aging skin care treatments is improvement of the moisture barrier and providing collagen support and Gotu Kola is one of the most effective natural treatments for anti-aging skin care products where it offers dramatic improvement in general support of the skin’s underlying structure where healthy skin begins.
Grape seed oil (Vitus vinifera)
Grape seed oil is very light and cold pressed from tiny seeds of grapes. It contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties, both of which are great for stopping acne. The oil also contains linoleic acid for promoting skin health and astringent qualities for tighten skin and close up the pores. As this helps with avoiding clogging and pimples, especially oily skin can benefit. Grape seed oil, applied daily for a few weeks, can relieve the dark circles naturally. This very light oil can be used by those with even sensitive skin, and works as an excellent moisturizer that will not block pores. The oil can also help hasten healing of problems, such as minor abrasions or pimples. Fine lines and wrinkles can be alleviated with a daily dose of grape seed oil on the skin to fight aging along with the improvement of the skin elasticity of the skin.
Green beans extract (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Green beans contain the carotenoids lutein, beta carotein, neoxanthin and violaxanthin, which helps boost the skin’s ability to fight aging. They also pack an impressive antioxidant capacity as well as vitamin C, A, K, calcium, potassium, folate and small amounts of fiber, protein and iron.
Green Coffee extract (Coffea Arabica)
Green coffee beans are unroasted seeds of the plant Coffea Arabica and are considered as highly beneficial for our overall health. They are rich in antioxidants, which reduce the damaging effects of free radicals in our body and take care of our overall health. A number of studies have confirmed that raw and unprocessed green coffee beans possess 100% pure Chlorogenic Acid (CGA), which is basically an ester of caffeic acid having strong antioxidant properties. It can put a check on the levels of glucose in our bloodstream and prevent our skin cells from getting dented. As green coffee doesn’t go through the process of roasting, they retain a high amount of nutrients that are volatile in nature. These nutrients help to slow down the process of ageing and also helps prevent wrinkles. Green Coffee is loaded with fatty acids that help to moisturise skin from deep within. This will help to cure dryness of skin and in turn repair damage and even skin discoloration. The nutrients presented in green coffee can also help to repair damaged hair and also induce hair growth. It can assist with all hair problems including baldness.
Guarana (Paullinia cupana)
Guarana are very small berries, red in colour and is mostly found in Brazil. Berries contain two and a half times more caffeine than coffee. High in polyphenolic properties providing antioxidant effect, which has protecting and anti-aging effects particularly on the tissues. It is the most potent sources to maintain your youth. The astringent effects of the berries are helpful in treating oily hair and keeping the scalp clean. It also helps treat stressed hair and makes it healthy.
Horse Chestnut Extract(Aesculus hippocastanum)
This grand tree can be easily identified by its distinctive leaves and conkers. Its use was first documented by herbalists in the 1500’s. Extract of the seed has astringent and stimulating properties and is one of the best assets to improve the microcirculation of the skin by tonifying the blood capillaries. Its ability to avoid the formation of edema is mainly due to the aescin, vitamin C and flavonoids it contains.
Hazelnut Oil(Corylus avellana)
In folklore, the hazel tree is considered to have magical powers. The tree is valued for its wood, twigs and nuts. Hazelnut oil is made from pressed hazelnut kernels and is one of the lighter feeling carrier oils with good absorbency. It’s high in phytosterols, tannis, polyphenols, oleic acid and vitamin E. Hazelnut oil is used in skin care and culinary applications and has a pleasant slight nutty aroma and flavour. Hazelnut oil is best known for its astringent characteristics. It is a drier feeling oil due to its polyphenol and flavonoid concentration, it also absorbs into the skin quite fast. This combination makes hazelnut oil fantastic for oily skin types because it helps to balance the natural oils on your skin. The antibacterial components also aid in improving the appearance of blemishes over time. Hazelnut has one of the highest vitamin E contents of all the carrier oils. High vitamin E content means hazelnut is ultra-moisturising and slow to go rancid. It’s also very softening to the skin and even has mild UV blocking properties. Regular use with this antioxidant rich oil can help skin appear more healthy and youthful, and rejuvenated. It is good for anyone with oily, acne prone or combination skin. Hazelnut oil is also used in aromatherapy for massages for its easily absorbed by the skin properties leaving it soft and smooth.
Hyaluronic acid is a powerful natural humectant skin component that has an important role of repairing tissue and helping to regulate moisture levels in the skin. Its topical application in the form of creams or balms, forms a permeable layer that penetrates into the dermis and improves skin elasticity and hydration. This protective barrier “catches” moisture, which gives the skin a more youthful appearance. As we become older, our skin moisture decreases significantly, which detracts its elasticity and changes its appearance. The capacity of hyaluronic acid to maintain moisture is surprising, each gram of this substance can “catch” about 1.000 milliliters of water. Hyaluronic acid is considered a “smart” nutrient, as it adapts its level of moisture absorption depending on climatic and seasonal conditions.
Hydrolyzed soy protein
Plant-derived (botanical) ingredients dating back to ancient times that helps to improve the body and texture of hair leaving it easy to comp and style.
It contains cystine that strengthens and nourishes hair and increases the capacity of hair and skin in order to help retain moisture and in particular it improves hair resistance to traction. It also attenuates the damage caused by decolouring, chemical treatments and the heat of the dryer and helps reduce skin roughness and chapping caused by dry climates.
Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigate, Crataegus monogyna)
Hawthorn berries have been used in Greek culture for thousands of years to treat a variety of health issues. The berries are rich in amino acids, essential fatty acids, minerals and vitamins that make them a powerful antioxidant and great help for arthritis. The berries have a chemical action that may help tone down inflammation and while helping to protect collagen, it may slow down the progression of chronic inflammatory disease. It also helps with skin disorders such as acne, dermatitis with additional anti-aging properties.
Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum)
This flower is part of the sunflower family and is also known by other names including “everlasting” and “immortelle”. The oil has been used historically for skin for many years and is great for those with oily skin. In addition to this, it is one of the few essential oils that contains “diketones”, which can help reduce the appearance of age spots and discoloration. It is moisturizing, it will help prevent dryness and is perfect for helping to make skin look more firm, youthful, and vibrant. It is astringent, refreshing, great for redness relief and soothing properties and has an antioxidant action against UV-rays.
Honeysuckle essential oil is a known anti-inflammatory. This soothing oil will heal achy joints, sore muscles, and benefit those suffering from arthritis. It contains antimicrobials, making it useful in treating various infections, viruses, and other harmful microbes. This is due in part to the high concentration of aromadendrene, naturally found in honeysuckle. This antimicrobial helps stop the growth of various microorganisms found in fungi, bacteria, and protozoans. While inhibiting the growth of bacteria, honeysuckle essential oil also helps to strengthen the tissue of the body. Oil extracted from honeysuckle flowers provides a sweet fragrance and aroma that melts away mental and physical stress while leaving you with a tranquil, calm state of mind. Packed with antioxidants, honeysuckle essential oil helps inhibits the growth of free radicles and helps to reduce oxidative stress. As a result, this essential oil helps prevent cancer and other illnesses that form due to toxins roaming the body. This powerful essential oil also helps prevent toxins from ravaging the skin, reducing hyperpigmentation and scaring. is effective in treating various skin conditions such as rashes from poison oak and poison ivy, abrasions, and cuts. The antiseptic qualities of this essential oil also works well to treat blemishes, sunburn, and other minor burns and is great moisturizing treatment for your hair. In addition, many people believe that by placing a few drops of the essential oil underneath your pillow, you can go on quite the adventure in your dreams.
Horsetail extract (Equisetum arvense)
This unique feathery looking plant descends from prehistoric times. Over the centuries, it has been widely used by herbalists for many other purposes. For it’s richness in silica it has been used for scouring metal. An extract made from this plant has astringent properties. It is very rich in mineral salts therefore it has outstanding re-mineralising properties useful to strengthen the epidermis, nails and hair. Along with the antioxidant benefits of anti-ageing, and the anti-inflammatory benefits for acne and irritation, Equisetum extract has other skin benefits such as it can help heal rashes, burns and wounds thanks to its antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Equisetum also carries out a cicatrising action therefore it is often used to prevent wrinkles and skin aging.
Hydrolysate goat milk proteins
This is composed of goat milk proteins that are hydrolysed down to molecular weight and are essential for enhancing hydration and moisture retention. It provides intense hydration and conditioning benefits.
Keratin is a protein that occurs naturally in hair, nails and skin and is designed for protection. In our skin, the outer layer (the epidermis) is made up of a layer of dead keratin cells, pushed to the surface by new keratin cells growing underneath. This outer layer provides waterproofing functions as well as strength and elasticity, which reduces with age over the years. When the skin’s keratin is damaged, it results in the skin looking flaky and dry. Keratin can help reinforce the protective outer layer to keep the skin healthy. It can either repair the existing damage of the skin or to provide an additional protection to the healthy skin keeping it well guarded against damage. In overall, it will enhance the skin function, improve appearance, the feel and elasticity as well as the moisturising effect.
Ivy Extract(Hedera helix)
Highly regarded by the Greeks and Romans, this climbing plant was dedicated to Bacchus, the god of wine and was often tied to the head as it was thought to prevent intoxication! This belief led English taverns to display the sign of an ivy bush over their doors. Ivy extract has stimulating properties and is an excellent skin tonic.
Jasmine Absolute(Jasminum officinale)
Jasmine is considered to be one of the most important flowers used in perfumery. Its intense floral aroma helps produce feelings of optimism, confidence, euphoria and it can invigorate and help lift depression. Just a few drops makes a luxurious bath oil.
Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis)
Jojoba (pronounced ho-ho-ba) oil is cold pressed from the seeds of Simmondsia chinensis, evergreen shrub plant native to the dry, desert regions of Arizona, California and to the Sonoran desert of Mexico. More than an oil, jojoba is interesting because it’s not technically oil, but rather a liquid wax ester that at room temperature is liquid, biodegradable and non-toxic. It has a naturally golden colour and is rich in A & B vitamins, polyphenols and phytosterols. Like meadowfoam seed oil, jojoba oil absorbs very quickly and can be considered a dry oil due to its fast absorption rate. Applied onto the skin it acts as a moisture regulator as it sinks into the skin very well and is balancing in the production of fat. As Jojoba is very similar to your human sebum, it penetrates your skin through the hair follicles where it mixes with your natural sebum to aid in moisturizing. Because of this, jojoba oil is one of the best carriers for essential oils and is a great choice for delivering nutrients in oil-based serums. It’s great for unclogging pores and can be used as a makeup remover or oil cleanser. It’s also one of the best oils for natural hair care. Jojoba conditions and can encourage hair growth by unclogging hair follicles. It has great skin softening capabilities. Its light, non-greasy feel makes it ideal for facial skin care products and even though it’s considered a dryer feeling oil, jojoba has great moisturizing capabilities, making it a great oil for dry and oily skin types, reducing the size of the pores and minimises wrinkles and lines of expression. Phytosterols in jojoba also give this waxy oil some anti-inflammatory properties and may also provides relieve to many skin problems such as psoriasis, eczema and flaking.
Juniper (Juniperus Virginiana, Juniperus communis)
Juniper oil is one of the best options against cellulite because it stimulates the lymphatic system and helps eliminate toxic waste from the body. It has excellent antiseptic and astringent properties and is used in ointments and body oil. It also has been widely used in fine fragrances and aftershave lotions.
Juniper flower water is an ideal for cosmetic treatments of oily and impure skin. Very useful as support in the treatment of imperfections caused by fluid retention and cellulite thanks to its powerful diuretic and draining action.
Kojic Acid Dipalmitate
Kojic Acid is a natural compound and comes from fungi, especially Aspergillus oryzae, which has a Japanese common name koji. It is a by-product in the fermentation process of malting rice for the manufacturing of Sake, the Japanese wine. It is a fungal metabolite commonly produced by many species of Aspergillus, Acetobacter and Penicillium, and has been shown to act as a competitive and reversible inhibitor of animal and plant polyphenol oxidases that catalysis the conversion of tyrosine to melanin. Kojic acid inhibits melonasis by interfering with the uptake of oxygen required for enzymatic browning. Kojic dipalmitate is more effective than kojic acid in inhibiting the activity of tyrosinase present in human skin so as to inhibit the melanin formation and produce excellent effects in whitening skin and in anti-suntan. Tyrosinase inhibitor, it is an essential enzyme in the production process of melanin from tyrosine (melanogenesis). Therefore, melanin concentration is limited, which is responsible for stains pigment. This provides excellent effects in even toning of the skin, fighting age spots, pregnancy marks, freckles as well as general pigmentation disorders.
Kaolin clay is a type of soft white cosmetic clay mineral named after the Kao-ling mountain in China, where the clay was mined for centuries. It’s a natural, fine and light clay with natural absorbency properties. Kaolin clay cleanses and exfoliates the skin, provides a detoxifying effect, soothes irritated and sensitive skin. Effective with the acne treatment as is used to gently draw impurities out of the skin and absorb excess oil which makes it perfect for oily and pro-acne skin.
Labdanum Absolute(Cistus ladanifer)
Also known as rockrose, is a small shrub, growing in southern Spain in Andalusia. The leaves and twigs are harvested during hot summers, when the leaves exude aromatic compounds. Rock Rose has an amber aroma with smoky notes of caramel and wood. Labdanum is considered to be an excellent natural fixative, helping to maintain the fragrance of blends for longer. It has a calming effect on the peripheral nervous system. Its antiseptic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory and a very powerful ally in the fight against skin aging thanks to its remarkable astringent, toning and firming properties.
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia / Lavandula officinalis)
Lavender essential oil has been used since antiquity for its many therapeutic properties and refined perfume. Among its skin benefits, one to remember is that it is a powerful revitaliser; it accelerates the regeneration process and preserves the skin’s firmness. The soothing and regeneration effect makes it possible to be used in various skin conditions, such as dermatitis. More recently research has shown the benefits of this versatile oil to help to elimination of nervous tension and induce a restful night’s sleep. Lavender floral water is recommended to help skin with beauty problems such as couperose and irritations and for stressed skin without vitality. It has soothing and painkilling properties; it is a valid support to refresh and moisturize the skin in the hot season.
Lemon essential oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit and its known for its draining and slimming action. It promotes the elimination of fat deposits and fluid retention. It’s a free radical scavenger, is firming and regenerating and used in anti-aging treatments. This oil is also used in aromatherapy for its refreshing and uplifting effect. Studies have shown that dispersing lemon oil into the atmosphere helps improve concentration. In Japan it is used in this way and is said to apparently reduce typing errors in the workplace! Lemon fruit extract is a natural source of vitamin C, bioflavonoids and antioxidants. It protects against free radicals and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Linseed oil(Linum usitatissimum)
Its restructuring properties are due to its particular fatty acid composition with a high level of Linoleic Acid that helps hydration, balancing the loss of water, and Alpha Linolenic Acid, which maintains skin and hair elasticity and resistance. This excellent natural hair remedy is useful to fight the formation of split ends.
Extracted from roots for it’s antiviral and antibacterial. Reduces inflammations and soothes irritated skin; powerful antioxidant. It has a beneficial effect on skin marks.
Lilac (Syringa) is a genus of 12 currently recognized species of flowering woody plants in the olive family (Oleaceae). It is native to woodland and scrub from southeastern Europe to eastern Asia, and widely and commonly cultivated in temperate areas elsewhere. Lilac oil’s benefits can be attributed to its healing properties, namely sedative, tonic and antiseptic. You can use it in different ways, particularly if diffused or inhaled. Adding a few drops in a burner will help relieve the symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Manuka Honey extract(Mel)
Manuka honey is produced by bees that have collected pollen from the flowers of manuka bushes, which are filled with a variety of vitamins and minerals. It has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, so it is often used as a natural antiseptic in traditional medicines. It contains nutraceuticals, which are very effective antioxidants. Honey possesses antimicrobial properties helps with wound management, speeds up the healing process by stimulating wound tissues and promoting moist would healing. For its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, it works wonders for blemished skin, helps balance the skin’s Ph level and contains amino acids which remove dead skin cells, helping to keep pores clear. Due to increase collagen, it promotes the structural growth of collagen in skin cells and protects them so the skin looks healthier, firmer and youthful-looking. With a natural humectant, this hydration helps to moisture the skin and enhance the skin’s elasticity.
Mandarin Essential Oil (Citrus nobilis)
Citrus reticulata (syn. C. nobilis), the mandarin orange, is a small to medium sized evergreen tree producing orange fruit with loose, ‘kid glove’ skins. Thorny, with slender twigs, the trees are transformed by fragrant white flowers in the early spring. From bloom to harvest takes between 6 and 10 months depending on where on the tree the fruit is, the closer to the outside of the tree the fruit is, the faster it ripens. Mandarin essential oil has an intensely sweet top note, with a rich, floral undertone reminiscent of neroli.
Melissa Leaf Extract(Melissa officinalis)
Also known as lemon balm, Melissa oil is extracted from the leaves of the plant with antiseptic properties, which lightens, refreshes, calms, detoxifies and soothes skin and hair.
Mangosteen peel extract (Garcinia mangostana)
Native to southeast Asia, mangosteen is a popular tropical fruit. Our mangosteen comes from India. The single sex (separate male and female) trees start bearing fruit at 5 to 10 years of age. Intriguingly, to date no male tree has ever been discovered. The peel and the fruit of mangosteen contain xanthones, which are being investigated for their antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Mangosteen peel extract is part of a blend we use for its skin-plumping, firming and toning properties.
Myrtle is part of the same large plant family that includes eucalyptus and tea tree. The clear, fresh smell of this oil is believed to be slightly sedative and helps to soothe feelings of anger, fear and despair. Myrtle has been used since the 16th Century for its ability to purify the skin and other beneficial skin properties.
Meadowfoam Seed Oil(Limnanthes alba)
Meadowfoam is a wildflower native to the interior valleys of Central California. Meadowfoam seed oil is cold pressed from the seeds and has a light to medium skin feel that absorbs very, very quickly. There is no greasy feeling with meadowfoam oil, in fact some consider it to be a dry oil because it sinks into your skin so fast. Meadowfoam seed oil has many skin care benefits and uses. Matter of fact, Meadowfoam is considered of being one of the most stable carrier oils available and can extend the shelf life of other oils. Meadowfoam oil contains over 98% long-chain fatty acids and can keep other oils from oxidizing and going rancid even when exposed to heat, light and/or air. The high stability factor also makes it popular carrier oil in aromatherapy because it holds aromas very well. Like jojoba oil, meadowfoam seed oil is slightly waxy and closely resembles human sebum. When used in skin care, it naturally helps your skin to effectively form a barrier to lock in moisture and deliver nutrients deep into your epidermis. Meadowfoam seed oil is a popular mature skin due to its nourishing, high antioxidant composition.
Menthol’s characteristic minty odour arises from traces of essential oil trapped within the crystals. Menthol feels cool when applied to our skin because it attaches to nerve receptors causing messages to be sent to our brain that our skin is being cooled. It is widely used in different cosmetic products. It has an antiseptic effect, improves and activates the circulatory system while smoothing the skin. Is also has a marked relaxing effect, beneficial to the skin, body and mind.
Mallow Flower Extract(Malva sylvestris)
This was used in Greece and Rome for its cosmetic properties as well as for other reasons. It is rich in vitamins A, B1, B2 and C and its active ingredients (tannins, essential oils and mucilages) are found in flowers and leaves. Mallow has anti-inflammatory, moisturizing, softening, de-reddening and soothing power and it is the ideal treatment for sensitive skin.
Magnolia Flower and Buds Extract (Magnolia biondii)
Anti-inflammatory. Soothing. Decongestant. Relaxing. Very effective in the treatment of acne and sensitive skin. Improves skin eruptions and itching.
Milk Thistle Extract (Silybum marianum)
Milk thistle been used for centuries as a detoxifying herb, but more recently has come into play as a powerful healing plant for the skin. The active constituents such as silymarin, vitamin E, fatty acids including linoleic acid providing a powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, soothing, anti-aging and moisturizing effect. Milk thistle is also suitable for people with sensitive skin.
Millet Extract(Panicum miliaceum)
This seed extract contains both mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E and has regenerating and anti-inflammatory properties. The extract also contains silicic acid that promotes the formation of collagen and elastin and helps retain moisture.
Marshmallow root extract(Althaea officinalis)
Rich in mucilage and pectin, thanks to which it has excellent moisturizing properties.
Melilotus (Melilotus officinalis)
Commonly known as Melilot or Sweet Clover, it has been used back several centuries. As records show, ancient Greek physician Aelius Galen recommended the use of a poultice to treat swollen joints and inflammation. In England during the Anglo-Saxon era, sweet clover earned its reputation for being effective as a remedy to preserve eyesight. Another benefit in skincare is that sweet clover helps with reducing the presence of puffiness and under eye bags and dark circles. Melilotus oil is widely used to treat venous issues such as – varicose veins, blood clots in the veins, hemorrhoids and lymphatic conditions. Melilotus oil hot compress can help to relieve swelling, arthritis, rheumatism and joint and muscle aches. In aromatherapy, as sweet clover is rich in coumarin, which can also be found in vanilla. There are many more benefits that sweet clover can provide but we will mention just a few. Inflammation and minor wounds, congestion, sleeping problems, digestive and stomach problems, phlebitis, thrombosis, blood circulation, gum inflammation, tonsillitis and insect repellent.
Moringa extract(Moringa oleifera)
A natural conditioner that derives from the oil of Moringa oleifera seeds (plant native to India). Moringa oil is extremely rich in phytonutrients; therefore it has numerous skin benefits such as an anti-aging effect, helps wrinkle removal and prevents skin leaching. In addition, it is a great purifier because it is rich in antioxidants that slow the activity of free radicals, balances the natural skin shine and regulates the secretion of sebum. Fight against acne, blackheads and dark spots. It is a good antiseptic oil that can help cure insect bites, psoriasis and burns. It is also very useful as a moisturiser and can help to eliminate impurities caused by pollution from the hair. It rebalances and protects the scalp and skin from environmental attacks.
Maize (Corn) (Zea mays)
Maize (Corn) oil is obtained from corn seeds and is rich in Omega 3,6 and 9 fatty acids, contains vitamins E and K, and full phytosterols along with minerals such as phosphorous, magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron, copper and trace of selenium, which all will help to keep your skin healthy and beautiful. It is a natural emollient that will moisturise the skin, scalp and hair by providing the hydration and nourishing effect helping with soothing rashes, inflammation, dryness and irritations. Due to anti-oxidants properties in corn oil it is perfect for anti-aging. It keeps hair follicles nourished, hydrated and preventing from hair fall. Using corn oil in message, oil will penetrate quickly into the skin and will leave you with healthy and relaxing feeling.
Mango (Mangifera indica)
Mango is a tropical fruiting tree native to South Asia. Mango is available in numerous varieties, but the most popular one among of all is ‘’Alphonso’’ for its richness, flavor and sweetness. Mango contains about 20 different minerals and vitamins and a large amount of beta-carotene that makes this fruit one of the nutritious, densest fruit available. Mangos possess a powerful unique anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and photo protective agent protecting the skin from the ultraviolet rays. According to a Chinese study, the polyphenols in mangos exhibit anticancer activity and hence can help prevent skin cancer. Being rich in essential vitamin A and C this will promote collagen production for healthy and glowing skin and hair. They help in reduction of dark spots, acne and blemishes. The vitamin can also help with skin growth and repair, reducing fine line and anti-aging.
Marjoram (Origanum majorana)
Marjoram is an aromatic herb in the mint family, which originated in Egypt and Arabia. Marjoram contains vitamin A and C, Calcium and Iron. Marjoram is a great anti-septic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, as well as anti-viral and anti-inflammatory agent. It also has been known to relieve painful joints, sore muscles, sprain, backache and toothaches. In aromatherapy, it aids in relieving insomnia, reducing stress, calming anxiety.
Musk rose seed oil (Rosa moschata)
Commonly known as ‘’ Elixir of Youth’’, due to its amazing cosmetic and healing properties, it is recommended for a variety of dermatological and cosmetic problems. It is a powerful moisturizer for all types of complexions, including the most sensitive and dry skin. It reduces wrinkles, fines lines, surgical and dermal scars, age spots stretch marks, acne, rosacea, eczema and psoriasis. It repairs damaged skin, burns and sunburns. It revitalizes, balances skin and increases elasticity by building up collagen. It protects the skin from climate and pollution damage.
Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha)
Myrrh is a resin, or sap-like substance that comes from a tree called Commiphora myrrha, common in Africa or the Middle East and is one of the most widely used essential oils in the world. The word myrrh comes from the Arabic word “murr” meaning bitter. The oil is a yellowish, orange color with a viscous consistency. It is commonly used as a base for perfume and other fragrances. Two primary active compounds are found in myrrh, called terpenoids and sesquiterpenes, both of which have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Historically, myrrh was used to treat wounds and prevent infections. It can still be used in this manner on minor skin irritations such as athlete’s foot, ringworm, and acne. Apply a few drops to a clean towel first before applying it directly to the skin. Myrrh can help soothe chapped or cracked skin and maintain healthy skin. It is commonly added to skin care products to help with moisturizing and also for fragrance. Ancient Egyptians used it to prevent aging and maintain healthy skin.
Mastic gum (Pistacia lentiscus var. chia)
Mastic gum is a natural resin sourced from the trunk of an evergreen shrub native to the Greek island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. Mastic is used in personal hygiene products due to its antibacterial and antifungal properties and in the production of soaps, body oils, or body lotion. It has effective soothing, softening and healing actions. Mastic can protect the skin by restoring dry and cracked skin by preserving its moisture and improves its texture and elasticity. Mastic and mastic oil has stimulating, antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal properties and no toxic effects along with collagen restoring properties. Mastic resin is used in medicine, dentistry, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. It is widely used in creams for the treatment of burns and skin conditions. In cosmetic products, when combined with plant oils, mastic has hydrating, soothing, cooling and provides the anti-aging action.
Neroli Essential Oil(Citrus sinensis)
Neroli (orange blossom) essential oil is the highly fragrant, steam-distilled oil of orange blossoms whose rejuvenating aroma has become indispensable to aromatherapy and perfumery. It’s wonderfully floral, exotic, citrusy and earthy. Therapeutically, Neroli is credited in aromatherapy to reduce anxiety, depression, improve sleep quality, and decrease high blood pressure for its uplifting and restorative properties. But Neroli goes far beyond smelling nice and improving overall wellbeing. Neroli also has many skin care benefits. When combined with cleansers, lotions, creams, and various skincare products, Neroli delivers even more. Here are a few Neroli essential oil skin care benefits you may find interesting. The citrusy essential oil has antimicrobial properties. Neroli is effective for improving the appearance of acne-prone skin and improving the appearance of other skin irritations. When you mix a few drops of Neroli in with your or toner, face mask or moisturizer it can help to make pores look smaller, cleaner and unclogged. Neroli also balances oil on your skin, which can improve the appearance, your overall complexion. Whether it’s due to weight loss or recent birth, you may see stretch marks on your skin. Neroli oil not only fights the appearance of stretch marks but also reduces the look of broken capillaries. Aside from the anti-microbial properties, Neroli also has anti-aging effects. It can soften the appearance of wrinkles and scars. A few drops may also improve the appearance of skin elasticity making your skin look younger, smoother and firmer. Neroli essential oil is truly a must-have for your anti-aging skin care regimen.
Nettle Leaves Extract(Urtica dioica)
Stinging nettle has been used medically as far dating back as Ancient Greece and it is considered one of nature’s best nutraceuticals. It contains protein, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, beta-carotene, and vitamins A, C, D, and B complex. It also has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-rheumatic, anti-convulsant, antihistamine, astringent, and hypotensive properties. With those beneficial effects is useful in case of moderate acne, eczema, dermatitis, weak nails and hair. It is also widely used in cosmetics to tone skin and to fight dandruff and hair loss. It can also provide benefit to people suffering with rheumatism, arthritis, and osteoporosis.
Orange Flower Water(Citrus aurantium v. amara)
Also known as orange flower hydrosol, this exquisitely fragranced floral water is produced from the blossoms of the bitter orange tree. It contains the water soluble, volatile components of orange flowers, which give it its delicious, subtle odour. This wonderful water with relaxing and calming properties is useful in cases of stress and insomnia. Suitable to regenerate and tone all skin types. It brings wellbeing and balance.
Oat Bran Extract(Avena sativa)
Although more commonly found in nutritious breakfast cereals, oats when used on the skin have emollient and soothing properties that calms irritations. Bran extract is rich in antioxidant amino acids, anti-inflammatory flavonoids and fatty acids, whose deficiency can cause brittle and dull hair, brittle nails, dandruff and skin disorders such as eczema, acne and dry skin. An ancient belief that oats could cure rheumatism led to mattresses being filled with oat straw.
Olive (Olea Europaea)
Cultivation of olive trees began more than 5000 years ago. In antiquity, the oil was used in temples – the winners of the Olympic Games were crowned with olive leaves and olive tree farmers from Ancient Rome were not subject to military service. Olive oil has a number of recognized antioxidant and nutritional properties. Being rich in essential fatty acids and vitamins A, D, K and E, olive oil is an excellent, rapidly absorbed emollient that provides smoothness and hydration to the skin. Due to its high content of essential unsaturated fatty acids it offers elasticity, a smooth sensation, moisturised skin, protect the skin from ageing and providing remarkable emollient and sebum balancing properties. They stimulate the repair process of the dermis and epidermis.
Oligopeptide is a vegetable protein hydrolysate. The main action and huge benefits of oligopeptide are to restructure, stabilize and produce the native collagen fibres. They detect any damage at the cellular level, trigger dermis regeneration and effectively retards the aging process. It reduces deep wrinkles from the surface, saggy skin, eye puffiness and more. Also prevents skin weakness while putting it firmer and more flexible.
Oligos in Greek means “a very tiny quantity”. Oligo-elements or trace elements are very minute doses of minerals. Most minerals come from metals, except for calcium, fluoride, iodine, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, and sulphur, which are metalloids (non-metallic). Trace elements are necessary as co-factors in enzymatic reactions and indispensable to the normal function of our metabolism. They act as catalysts, binding themselves to an enzyme, activating it, and then producing a chemical reaction without them being changed in the process. By supplementing the body with the missing trace element or elements catalyses the enzymatic reaction of the organism, and therefore, health and balance are brought back to the system. Amino oligoelements, a class of compounds of trace elements are used for healing, anti-aging and a stimulating effect to revitalise tired skins.
Orchid extract (Orchidaceae)
Orchid is a beautiful flower in many different colours and shapes and can be found in different corners of the world and is no surprise for being considered as the Flower of the Youth. It is the longest flower of the vegetal kingdom. The miraculous extract of this plant that can last for hundreds of years, and comes from the flower pulp from where numerous antioxidant biomolecules and nutrients such as calcium, copper, iron, magnesium and zinc are obtained. Its antioxidant property helps slow the process of aging on your skin. It is therefore very probable that you have observed many cosmetic products in the market today that contain the orchid extract as one of its most important and fundamental ingredients. The essence of this flower has the advantage that it can be applied on all types of skin and increases cell regeneration. In addition to its antioxidant properties, helps regulate skin pigmentation, fighting aging caused by free radicals and retrieving natural colouring. Moreover, this natural beauty will also help you remove those unsightly stains present on the skin and bring softness to your skin surface. Orchids contain minerals such as calcium, copper, iron, magnesium and zinc that help nourish your skin properly. The beautiful petals of this flower may contain the elixir that your skin needs to stay young, clean, bright and soft.
Orange (Citrus sinensis)
The essential oil is obtained from orange peel by cold pressing. Its characteristic flavour is the result of a balanced composition of alpha-pinen, citronel, geranialdehyde, sabineno, mircen, limonen, linalool and neral. In addition it is recognised for a number of skin benefits such as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiseptic, toning and detoxifying effect.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare)
The essential oil of Oregano is extracted through steam distillation of fresh oregano leaves and for its disinfectant and antibacterial properties it was firstly recognised in ancient Greece where they were often used for treating bacterial infections on the skin or in wounds, and it was also used to protect food from bacteria. Oregano essential oil can act as an expectorant, to eliminate the uncomfortable build up of mucus and phlegm. The oil is also good on soothing many types of internal and external inflammation. Due to the antibacterial agent, it can provide you with a protection against viral infections including skin infections, sores and temporary problems like food poisoning and help to strengthen your immunity system against colds, mumps, measles, pox and other problems created by virus. It also has been shown to help with skin issues such as Psoriasis, Eczema, Athlete’s foot, flu and other infectious ailments. It is a powerful antioxidant that literally scours the body and eliminates those free radicals that cause aging. Oregano essential oil can also effectively keep away lice, bed bugs, mosquitoes, and fleas, so it is not uncommon to find oregano essential oil as a component of organic bug sprays and repellents. Oregano essential oil as being sedative in nature, can help to calm down and reduce the hyper-sensitivity especially those with the severity of an allergic reactions.
Patchouli essential oil is widely used for its particularly intense perfume as a base note in many fragrances for it’s extremely rich, sweet, herbaceous spiciness with a textured, warm woody note and earthy, slightly smoky undertones. Patchouli has reviving and stimulating properties and is used by aromatherapists to help soothe skin and help calm stress. It is even reported to be a mild aphrodisiac! It has moderate anti-inflammatory, regenerating, refreshing and balancing properties. Effective for dry skin and wrinkles.
Pomegranate Extract(Punica granatum)
The pomegranate is a neat, rounded shrub or small tree that produces red apple-sized fruits, which contain fleshy pink seeds. The name pomegranate comes from the old French ‘seed apple’. Pomegranate’s fruit seeds are loaded with antioxidants, vitamin K and C, potassium, copper, zinc and iron which prevent premature skin aging, helps to hydrate dry skin, fight bacteria and inflammation from acne breakouts, antioxidant to neutralise free radicals, stimulates collagen production and minimize skin wrinkles.
Peppermint (Mentha piperita)
Peppermint has been used for centuries for digestive problems and today peppermint tea is commonly drunk after meals, particularly in warm climates. It has remarkable refreshing, toning, purifying and aromatising properties. Thanks to its antiseptic and anti-itch properties it is useful in the treatment of dermatitis, eczema and pimples and makes a cooling, refreshing footbath. As for peppermint floral water, it has powerful decongestant and purifying properties. Thanks to the extraordinary fragrance and refreshing action, it is a valid support to reduce pain caused by cephalea. It is also useful to reduce the unpleasant symptoms caused by hot flushes during menopause. Excellent as face lotion to tone and refresh the skin and useful for oily, acneic, tired and reddened skin.
Palma Rosa Essential Oil(Cymbopogon martinii)
Palma Rosa (also known as Lemongrass) is a flowering grass that is native to India and is in the same family as Citronella and Lemongrass. The essential oil is distilled from the freshly dried leaves of the plant. It has a fresh, floral, sweet rosy scent similar to Rose Geranium and is often mistaken as such. Aromatherapists have used palmarosa oil for stress, nervous tension, grief and anger. In skincare, the essential oil can attribute to its properties as an antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal, cytophylactic, digestive, febrifuge and hydrating substance.
Pine Essential Oil(Pinus sylvestris)
Pine oil is extracted through steam distillation of the needle-like foliage of the pine tree. Pine oil has antimicrobial, antiseptic, antifungal, anti-neuralgic, and anti-rheumatic properties. It also works as a good decongestant and expectorant for respiratory ailments, refreshing, stimulating and invigorating. Pine oil is praised for its ability to naturally help with ease muscular stiffness and rheumatism; relax the body when added in bath, stimulate healthy metabolism, boost activity levels, eliminate excess water, uric acid and salt, being a powerful antioxidant and relieve urinary tract infection.
Passionflower Extract(Passiflora incarnata)
The passionflower takes its name from the stunning purple tinged yellow or pink flowers that are said to resemble Christ’s crown of thorns from The Passion (the twelve stages of the cross). The flowers give way to large orange berries called passion fruit. Passionflower seed oil is extracted from the seeds contained within this ‘fruit’ and contains a high percentage of linoleic acid that provides soothing and redness relief properties; protects microcirculation. It also helps to protect skin against UV-rays and other harmful agents.
Propolis is a mixture of resins from the bark and buds of trees collected by bees to protect their hives. It has skin protecting properties and leaves the skin feeling soothed.
Peony Flower Extract (Paeonia officinalis)
Highly effective antioxidant, moisturizing, soothing and regenerating properties.
Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis)
The fruit of passion or passion fruit contains high doses of glucose and fructose that give it its moisturizing properties. At the same time, like many other fruits, the passion fruit is an excellent source of vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3 and C) and minerals like potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc and selenium. The latter is part of the cellular antioxidant system, which is responsible for maintaining the structure and functions of cell membranes.
Primrose (Primula Veris)
Primroses contain several elements such as essential oils, pigments, flavonoids, glucosides, enzymes, vitamin C, saponines and minerals. It promotes the healing of wounds. For this reason it is believed to rapidly improve acne, skin eruptions and many other types of skin problems. It also favours an even complexion, while it soothes and moisturises the skin with an exceptional overall result.
Papaya (Carica papaya)
Papaya or pawpaw is a bright, tropical fruit from the Carica Papaya tree native to Mexico and Central America. Papaya fruit has a rich, sweet flavour and is best known for its high Vitamin C content. It is also high in B vitamins, vitamin A, amino acids and enzymes like papain. Papaya is very rich in Vitamin A, B, C and carotenoids, antioxidants that help to fight off the appearance of aging and sun damage. Papaya helps your skin look more rejuvenated and tight. It also may have some anti-inflammatory benefits helping your skin look less irritated and red. It’s also great for fortifying hair. Papaya is a natural alpha-hydroxy acid. It’s rich in an enzyme called papain. Papain is good at breaking down keratin proteins that hold together skin cells. Using products rich in papain can help to naturally exfoliate your skin by breaking up skin cells so they can be washed away, letting fresh cells emerge for a brighter, smoother complexion. Aging skin will appreciate the high antioxidant content. Since powdered papaya extract can be strong and acidic it is not ideal for sensitive skin.
Pineapple (Ananas comosus)
Pineapple juice is rich in vitamin C, bromelain and antioxidants, which are extremely beneficial in the treatment and prevention of acne, fine lines, sun damaged and uneven skin toning, softens the skin and use against the skin inflammation and swelling. Pineapple has ability to increase collagen synthesis, which will result in soother, increased elasticity and complete hydration of the skin. Pineapple wedges can also help to naturally exfoliate the skin leaving your skin radiant.
Prickly Pear extract (Opuntia ficus-indica)
Prickly pear is a species of cactus also known as Barbary fig, cactus pear or spineless cactus. Oil from prickly pear has spectacular results when it comes to treating dry skin, as it has been shown to be 3 times more moisturizing than argan oil. The oil of prickly pear penetrates easily into the skin because of its fine texture leaving the skin soft and smooth. When obtained from the first cold pressure, this vegetable oil becomes an authentic beauty serum that has restructuring, regenerating and nutritive properties. Hence the “lifting” effect it exerts on the skin. As an active ingredient, the lead-prune oil strengthens the hydrolipidic layer of the dermis and improves the structure of the connective tissue.
Also from our own personal experience mixing some prickly pear juice with orange juice is absolutely gorgeous and very refreshing!!
Poppy extract (Papaver rhoeas)
Poppy also known as Corn Poppy is attractive and popular feature of the countryside as an annual wildflower originally native to southern Europe, North Africa and temperate of Asia, but can now be found around the world were the climate is suitable. It is the flowers and seeds that are used as herbal medicine. Corn poppy contains alkaloids similar to that of Opium Poppy, but in a much milder form. Its health benefits include relieving anxiety and stress, suppressing cough and relieving pain. In skincare ingredients, corn poppy acts as an emollient and soothes the skin. It also contains the alkaloids, rhoeadine and papverine. The flower is beneficial in the treatment of asthma and other respiratory disorders, including whooping cough and bronchitis. It is a mild relaxant and sedative that depresses the central nervous system. Corn Poppy is also known to relieve mild pain.
Paraffin liquid – Mineral oil (Paraffinum Liqidum)
Paraffin wax has been shown to treat conditions like arthritis and fibromyalgia among other rheumatic diseases. A wax treatment acts as a type of thermotherapy, or heat therapy, that helps treat these conditions by increasing blood flow, relaxing muscles and reducing stiffness in joints. Paraffin can also be used to treat bursitis, tendonitis, sprains and pulled muscles. Paraffin wax can even soften hardened skin caused by scleroderma, a disease in which collagen accumulates on the body – it increases the skin’s elasticity, allowing for increased movement and mobility, especially on the skin covering feet and hands.
Pea beans extract (Pisum sativum)
Garden peas are rich sources of many minerals such as iron, calcium, zinc, copper, manganese etc, which enhances the immune system of your body and skin. They are also considered to be excellent source of vitamin K, A, B-complex, C along with folic acid. They are also helpful in anti-aging of the skin. The antioxidants that are present in it such as flavonoids, catechin, epicatechin, carotenoid, alpha carotene etc. are helpful in preventing the aging process of your skin and tends to provide a natural glow to the skin. Anti-inflammatory properties of peas coupled with the action of antioxidants helps in prevention of wrinkles and osteoporosis. The vitamin B6, C and folic acid can effectively counter inflammation and free radical damage, restore natural stores of collagen and elastin-proteins to help with toning and firming your skin.
There are more than forty thousand different strains and species of phytoplankton, all of which contribute to the Earth’s oxygen supply while serving as an essential food source for marine animals. These tiny organisms can convert sunlight, warmth, water, and minerals into nutrients like protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and amino acids. They’ve often been called the “vegetation” of the ocean. Like many plants, they contain a number of nutrients, including carotenoids, minerals, amino acids, and vitamins, as well as a number of phytochemicals. It has a high concentration of omega-3 fatty acids, which penetrate deeply into skin to provide long-lasting moisture. Phytoplankton contains powerful antioxidants that protect from environmental stressors. These include bioflavonoids and riboflavin, a form of vitamin B which helps with smoother looking skin and a reduced appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Due to a high source of zinc, it can help people with oily skin and is a great natural ingredient for sensitive skin.
Plum (Prunus domestica)
This fruit is widely grown throughout the world, particularly in Japan, China, USA & Europe. Plum flowers represent a natural remedy that has not yet gained its popularity all over the world, but it is widely used in Chinese traditional medicine. The Chinese people have been using plum flowers for centuries, in order to treat numerous health issues, especially digestive problems, ulcers and parasites. Also, they have a particular role in blood purification and detoxification. The powerful antioxidants contained by plum flowers play a significant role in strengthening the immunity system. Plum’s fruits contains amazing health-promoting mix of nutrients, vitamins and minerals to maintain a healthy, radiant and younger looking skin. Furthermore, the phytonutrients, high vitamin C and beta-carotene contained in fruit possess impressive antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties providing protection against the damaging radicals and UV rays, improve blood circulation, reduce inflammation and keeps your skin free of acne, wrinkles, blemishes and lighten the scars, dark spots and skin discoloration.
Pomelo (Citrus maxima)
Pomelos are an unusual member of the citrus fruits closely related to grapefruits that has a surprising number of health benefits. They are primarily found in Southeast Asia and provide very strong nutritional value, including vitamins and minerals but the most impressive proportion in vitamin C. It provides health benefits such as immune system booster, antioxidant, signs of premature aging, wrinkles, improvement in skin elasticity, spots and many more.
Antibacterial and antiseptic properties found in alum can provide benefits for your health, skin and hair. It helps to treat acne, pimples and reduce inflammation with its antiseptic and cooling properties, helps with cracked heels, soothes minor injuries and cuts by razor so is has been used as a remedy after shave for centuries, restrain bacterial infection and other.
Plantain extract (Plantago lanceolate)
This plant goes under many names but you may know them under names such as Narrowleaf Plantain, Ripple grass, Common Plantain, Englishman’s foot, Ribworth, wildcrafted or others. It’s native to Europe and Asia and has a long history of multiple herbal uses for its remarkable medicinal qualities. It’s full of nutrients, including beta-carotene; vitamins B1, C, and K; calcium, magnesium, copper, and zinc. Plantain is the natural collagen stimulant, with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties can help list of skin ailments including rashes, wounds, cuts, swelling, sprains, bruises, burns, eczema, cracked lips, poison ivy/oak, mosquito bites, diaper rash and blisters. It is said to be effective as an agent to draw out the poison from bee stings, snake and spider bites, splinters and thorns. It may even reduce the risk of scarring with more severe cuts and scrapes. Plantain can disinfect minor cuts with its powerful antiseptic action and it is reported to speed the regeneration of cells due to the fact that plantain contains allantoin which is a cell proliferate so it can help to minimize the appearance of pores, fade the look of under eye circles. Is great for sensitive, dry, scaly or flare-ups skin.
Quinoa extract (Chenopodium quinoa)
Quinoa is quite popular in Asia. Not only does this natural blessing work wonders for health but it also cleanses and nourishes the skin and as Dr. Zeichner says, “Quinoa extract can help brighten the skin and slow skin aging, improving the appearance of crepe-y skin and fine lines.” It also inhibits the activity of matrix metalloproteinases—MMPs—that cause collagen breakdown, lightens sun spots by blocking the enzyme required to produce hyperpigmentation, and acts as an antioxidant to quell free radical-induced inflammation. Quinoa is extremely rich in vitamin B, making it a perfect source of skin brightening agent. It not only brightens the skin but also adds to the texture of the skin. At the same time it will rejuvenate the skin and improve tone. As the natural texture of quinoa is granular, it works wonders in exfoliating the skin, which is also suitable for sensitive skin regardless whether used on face or whole body. Using quinoa will not only soothes the skin but also cleans and heals it from acne. Being rich in lysine, it helps the body to synthesise new tissues and heal the old ones simultaneously which is especially beneficial to people recovering from surgeries, helps treating scars and repairs damaged body tissues.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
This renowned and once sacred herb has been used for centuries in beauty preparations. Rosemary essential oil has a fresh pungent aroma and is very invigorating and stimulating. The extract has beneficial antioxidant properties. It has skin purifying, astringent, balsamic and antimicrobial action and is an excellent scalp and hair follicle stimulant. It helps prevent early hair loss and helps with the production of sebum. On the skin it has cicatrising, stimulating and vasodilating properties. Rosemary floral water provides with stimulating and revitalising properties and is useful also to improve concentration and memory. It is very effective on the scalp to stimulate hair growth and slow down hair loss. It acts on seborrhea and dandruff and reduces the greasiness of hair. On the skin, the essential oil has a soothing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antibiotic properties, which gives it a great healing power in the treatment of acne, oily and impure skin. In addition, it is an excellent anti-aging agent due to the high concentration of vitamins, relaxes the skin and allows skin cells to hydrate.
Rosehip Seed Oil(Rosa canina)
Rosehip also known as dog rose seed oil is produced from the seeds contained within striking red rosehips and is considered a luxurious oil rosehip seed oil. It is a good source of essential fatty acids which help lock moisture onto the skin. Rosehip oil is one of the most powerful dermal regenerators in existence. It is famous for its high content of Vitamin A, E, C, B1 and B2 and its exceptional regenerative and healing properties. It is very effective when treating skins that have lost their lustre, visibly improving their quality and appearance. It is a natural regenerator, antioxidant, moisturizing, nourishing, firming, restorative and depigmenting. Use to heal wounds, clear stretch marks, reduce wrinkles, remove skin blemishes and restore skin smoothness in case of burns. It is considered one of the most powerful and rejuvenating existing dermal regenerators, and it also does not produce any undesirable side effect.
Red algae extract(Kappaphycus alvarezii)
Research confirms red algae’s ability to help build an effective barrier against dryness, flattening the cuticle so that each hair is sleeker and softer. Hand-harvested from plantations in the ocean, red algae is used in Botanical Shine Treatment for these hydrating and barrier-forming properties.
Rose Petal Oil (Rosa)
In one of the flower’s earliest uses for beauty, the ancient Greeks and Romans used rose petals to perfume their baths. Rose essential oil has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties, making it ideal to topically treat a host of ailments including abrasions, burns and skin conditions. It has also been used to ease sore throats, fever and cough. You can use rose water to treat acne, add to a tea to calm sore throats. Naturally antibacterial rose essential oil can help treat acne and acne-prone skin. Rose oils can help reduce swollen spots or redness on the skin due to its calming properties. It can also help sooth rosacea and eczema. It helps to lock moisture into the skin, keeping skin feeling smooth and is especially beneficial for people with sensitive skin because the sugars in its petals create a soothing feeling. Is a natural astringent which helps tighten pores and restore glowing complexion. When used aromatically, rose calms and soothes the mind.
Rice Bran(Oryza sativa)
Obtained from the germ and inner husk of rice grains, rice bran oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic and linoleic acids. It is also rich in natural antioxidants, Vitamin E (tocopherol) and gamma-oryzanol. The oil helps balance the skin’s natural barrier, providing nourishing fatty acids and natural antioxidants to provide a softening action and protects the skin against dehydration. Rice Hull Powder provides smoothing and exfoliating effect.
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)
Raspberry extract is rich in natural substances including minerals, vitamins, in particular A and C, and polyphenols that protect against free radicals, which are the main causes of early skin aging. Essential oil from pressing raspberry seeds has many benefits for the skin, an important source of vitamin E, highlighting its high vitamin A content, which favors the removal of dead cells. In addition, Raspberry Oil has a natural filter against UVA radiation (responsible for premature aging) and UVC radiation, which helps to protect the skin from the action of environmental factors. It is a skin-friendly oil of all ages, especially mature skin, and it is beneficial for skin diseases such as dry skin exfoliation and acne. It is an active ingredient that helps restore beauty to the devitalized skin.
Roman Chamomile floral water(Anthemis nobilis Idrolato)
Water with a soothing, calming and de-reddening action. Suitable for all skin types, in particular for delicate and sensitive skin that tends to redden and for dry skin. Very useful to soothe irritations.
Rice extract(Oryza Sativa)
Provides protection and nutrition to the skin. In addition to being soothing and antioxidant, it increases cellular longevity through the activation of sirtuins, illuminates and even the complexion. Rice powder has an anti-elastases activity that blurs wrinkles, reduces the appearance of dilated pores and diffuses light.
Royal Jelly extract(Apis mellifera L.)
Royal jelly is a substance made by worker bees to feed the queen in her first days of life to ensure her growth and fertility. It’s considered to be one of the world’s most nutrient-rich substances, filled with 134 nutrients, including essential amino acids, minerals and Vitamins B1, B2, B5, B6, C, E along with Biotin, Niacin and Folic Acid so is not a surprise that the Egyptians were using it as part of a skin care regimen to keep their faces moisturized and protected, even in the most harsh desert conditions as one of their beauty secret. Royal jelly has been shown to be effective as a softener for dry skin and the toning lotion for firming relaxed, stretched or stressed skin and may be useful as anti-wrinkle treatment, stretch marks, elasticity improvement, skin nourishment, firmer and revitalized skin, hair conditioner, tonic and sebum equalizer.
Reishi mushroomextract(Ganoderma lucidum)
A staple in traditional Chinese medicine, Reishi, which translates to “spiritual potency,” is known as the herb of immortality. It is a naturally powerful age defense with a high content of polysaccharides, responsible for the skin’s natural ability to hydrate and retain water, and which are also imperative for skin repair and renewal. The extract also helps reduce skin inflammation, puffiness, wrinkles and free radical damage, while promoting cell regeneration. It is antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, can boost cell turnover and smooth expression lines.
In Japan, Reishi mushroom extract is officially listed as a cancer treatment. Worldwide, they’re also widely used in AIDS medications.
Sweet Orange Peel Oil(Citrus aurantium dulcis)
Orange is a member of the large family of citrus fruits and has a characteristic aroma that cheers and uplifts the spirits. Rich in vitamin C and anti-inflammatory it promotes the formation of skin collagen. Reduces wrinkles and promotes the rejuvenation of cells and skin toning. For it’s refreshing, reinvigorating and calming properties is excellent for sensitive of irritated skin.
Shea butter(Butyrospermum parkii)
This natural moisturiser and cell regenerator comes from the fruit of the African Karite tree and has remarkable nourishing and smoothing properties for your skin and hair. It’s a vegetable fat that is composed, for the most part, of triglycerides or esters of glycerol and omega-3, omega-6 and omega-9 fatty acids. The effects of their continued application create a balance in the outside of the epidermis that prevents dehydration and protects against external aggression. Also, the use of shea butter ensures cell regeneration by stimulating the production of structural proteins by specialized dermal cells. Rich in vitamins A and D that revitalise the skin, vitamin E with reoxygenating properties and vitamin F that provides skin elasticity. It improves local capillary circulation and increases oxygenation, eliminating metabolic waste. Antioxidant properties. Protects from UV-rays. Shea butter is particularly useful in counteracting dryness as it helps to seal moisture onto the skin, restructuring properties to help with wrinkles, stretch marks and skin aging.
Sweet Almond Oil(Prunus amygdalus dulcis)
Sweet almond oil is renowned for its gentle action and has been used for centuries in the cosmetic field. Rich in essential fatty acids: omega 9, omega 6 and omega 3. It also contains vitamins A, B and above all vitamin E, the main ally in the fight against skin aging. It is a moisturising and anti-inflammatory oil that has great lubricating power, which makes it a base for products intended to prevent and repair stretch marks and wrinkles. It is well tolerated even by very sensitive skin and its fatty acids, similar to skin lipids, are easily absorbed and favour the formation of a natural protective layer that protects the skin and hair against dehydration, leaving it soft and velvety.
St John’s Wort(Hypericum perforatum)
This cheerful yellow flower is not surprisingly known as the ‘sunshine herb’. The extract that is taken from St. John’s Wort has astringent properties that can help treat oily skin and give it an adequate level of moisture. At the same time this extract regenerates the skin in case of wounds or burns. Its curative action on the skin is shown with anti-inflammatory activity in the tissues surrounding the wound or burn, a slight local anaesthetic effect that calms the pain in a soft but persistent way. In addition, the epithelial regeneration decreasing the swelling of the skin and improving the appearance of the damaged area.
Sweet Orange Fruit Extract(Citrus aurantium dulcis)
Refreshing, reinvigorating and calming. Rich in vitamin C and anti-inflammatory. Promotes the formation of skin collagen. Reduces wrinkles and promotes the rejuvenation of cells and skin toning. Due to the acidity this extract possesses, it helps to flatten the cuticles of the hair leaving hair shiny and smooth.
Sunflower seed oil(Helianthus annuus)
This vibrant plants Latin name comes from the Greek ‘helios’ meaning sun and ‘anthos’ meaning flower. It is an incredibly versatile plant recognized worldwide for its ornamental and economic importance. Among the therapeutic properties of sunflower oil are the quality of its fatty acids (mono and polyunsaturated) along with its richness in linoleic acid, oleic and vitamin E, so that it becomes a natural antioxidant product, useful in the treatment of dermatitis, which helps positively when keeping the skin in good condition and when use for moisturising skin treatments. Sunflower oil provides the skin with valuable regenerating substances such as phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene. The polyphenols of the sunflower extract neutralise the free radicals activated by the light an UV rays. It moisturises and regenerates the scalp and hair.
Sasha Inchi seed oil (Plukenetia Volubilis)
The Sacha Inchi plant has been cultivated in the Amazon rainforest along the east slope of the lower Andes for over 3,000 years. This oil is a wonderful external body treatment and can be used in a number of ways, this is due to the excellent combination of the Omega 3,6 & 9 range, high levels of Vitamins A & E, antioxidants and amino acids which helps with hydrating skin, hair and nails leaving your skin feeling revitalized, nourished and protected from the harsh elements and pollutants of everyday life. Limits dehydrating and helps to strengthen and rebuild natural barriers, restore moisture balance, therefore can be used to relieve itchy, scaly and chronically dry skin, including inflamed or irritated skin.
Sesame Seed Oil (Sesamum indicum)
Sesame oil originated in India and Africa, but has spread throughout the world. Cosmetologists consider this sesame oil as a precious help for the skin as it offers a high degree of protection from sunrays and contains a high level of unsaponifiables. Obtained by cold pressing the seeds of the plant, plant is rich in fatty acids: oleic and linoleic, vitamins E and F, potassium and mineral salts. Sesame oil penetrates rapidly into the skin providing excellent soothing feeling with emollient, regenerative, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant and sebum balancing properties; it is also recommended for oily skin, by which it is completely absorbed.
Sage (Salvia officinalis)
The aromatic shrub of sage, originating in Europe, has great medicinal properties and is known as the “sacred herb”. Its extract is rich in compounds such as saponins, glucose, vitamin B, vitamin C, estrogens, potassium and enzymes that give it antimicrobial and antibacterial activity. It is widely used to treat skin conditions such as acne because it has purifying and antiseptic activity. It stimulates and normalises the skin’s physiological functions. It has anti-inflammatory, purifying, disinfectant, antiperspirant, astringent, cleansing, nourishing, reepithelialising cicatrising and anti-eczematous properties. Reactivates and stimulates peripheral microcirculation. Particularly suitable for impure or oily skin, acne, devitalised skin and skin characterised by excessive perspiration and is useful to treat oily hair and stimulate hair growth. Particularly suitable for hair with dandruff.
Sweet violet(Viola tricolor, Viola odorata)
Since ancient times it has been used to treat skin problems such as eczema and acne. Sweet violet balances the skin’s hydration process and is renowned for its soothing and healing properties. For all skin types that require moisturisation, tone and elasticity.
Sea Kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera)
The Mar Menor is a natural enclave of the Region of Murcia with the most important salt lagoon in the world with a wealth of seaweed. They are classified by the colour they present, being the most used sea lettuce (green), fucus and laminaria (brown) and gelidios (red). Several studies indicate that in areas where more algae are consumed, people have a longer and healthier life. The enormous benefits that sea kelp gives us derive directly from its properties, because a very important concentration of active elements is achieved. In addition to organic iodine it is rich in essential trace elements such as Mn, Sn, Cl, Se, U, Mo, Ag, Br, Cu, F, Au, Co; Vitamins A, B, C, D and E; Alginic acid and alginates, mineral salts, proteins, carotenoids and halogenated phenols among others. The algae possess an active anticoagulant that allows the regularization of the physiology of the skin, the prevention of premature aging of the skin, the maintenance and beautification of the face, body and hair. The great wealth of minerals that algae gives us favours the cellular stimulation, managing to delay the appearance of wrinkles, purifying, and eliminating toxins, creating a perfect skin balance. In addition, algae contains fucoidin, a principle that has been shown to slow down the carcinogenic action.
Silkworm cocoon (Bombys mori)
Silk cocoons have historically been used by Chinese princesses to keep their beauty, youthful appearance, smooth complexion and blemish free. This ancient beauty routine is still as relevant today and as part of the ancient skincare, silkworm cocoons are use as exfoliators. They will remove impurities, dead skin, and make up residue while hydrating your skin. Sericin itself has 18 amino acids that move to work as you gently scrub your face with the cocoon. Sericin behaves like a thin layer over the skin that keeps moisture in and impurities out. It also helps to stimulate the skin’s natural collagen production to keep your skin elastic and reduce wrinkles. For this reason, a silkworm cocoon extract is often added to anti-ageing creams.
Snail slime extract (Helix aspersa muller)
The use of Snail Slime (snail baba) traces its origins back to ancient Greece to cure inflammation. The snail slime has exceptional cosmetic properties that help restore the smoothness and the elasticity of the skin. Its main component – allantoin, produced by the snail body, stimulates the repair and regeneration of the cells. At the same time, the glycolic acid, found in the snail slime, has a natural peeling effect, by exfoliating the top layers of the skin. In addition to its healing and restorative effect, the Helix aspersa serves as a natural antibiotic against the bacteria present on the skin. The snail slime reduces spots, wrinkles and expression lines.
Soybean extract (Glycine max)
Soy is naturally rich in Vitamin E, essential fatty acids, and lecithin, which can benefit particularly people with combination skin. Soy has ability to moisturise dry areas while decreasing oiliness in other area. Due to a form of soy isoflavone called aglycones can improve the appearance of aging skin, including the diminishing of lines and wrinkles. Soy may also improve skin firmness by encouraging collagen production and promote the repair of elastin fibres. As mentioned earlier, Soy is naturally rich in vitamin E, which is a strong antioxidant that helps to reduce acne, spots, blemishes and promotes the cells’ regeneration and healing. Soy is also rich in source of protein, manganese, carbohydrates and vitamins help to treat various hair problems.
Squalane is a botanical lipid, with a similar structure to squalene but it is mainly derived from the olive fruit tree (amongst other sources) with a structure very similar to the natural oils of all types of the skin, therefore it is easily absorbable, avoiding the loss of moisture, restoring the skin elasticity and providing a soft, silky and non-greasy feel to the touch. When combined in skincare products, it is effective at providing natural-feeling moisturisation. It also has emollient characteristics as well, lightly coating the surface of the skin to soften and smooth it without irritation and importantly, without leaving a greasy residue. It also help to ensure that skincare products have a smooth, spreadable texture and help other ingredients absorb more effectively into the skin.
Starfish extract (Asterina gibbosa)
Starfish contains high levels of collagen, calcium and vitamins and their skin is made of calcium, which helps protect them from predators. Starfish have the ability to restore lost limbs. Starfish can restore the skin, giving a new lustre, even out skin tone and improve skin texture, provide even complexion, making it look plumper, firmer, and hydrated. Starfish extract can also reduce hyperpigmentation and age spots.
Stem cells extract (Aloe barbadensis stem & germ cells)
Stem cells used in our products are extracted from Aloe Vera stem & germ cells that stimulate the reproduction of new skin cells. Aloe Vera is rich in enzymes, vitamins, proteins and minerals that help to maintain the moisture balance of the skin, leaving it with smoother, firmer and silkier feeling. The regeneration of new skin tissues is due to the increase in the amount of natural collagen, which moisturizes the skin and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa)
Strawberries contain powerful anti-oxidant ellagic acid, which prevents collagen from destruction, which is one of the major causes of wrinkle formation. Ellagic acid has a photoprotective effect that works against UV damage and prevent wrinkles from forming on the skin. The acidic nature of strawberries enables it to remove excess oil in the skin and help with the acne treatment. Due to the richness in vitamin C, it is excellent for people with oily skin as well as nourishing and revitalize the skin. Strawberry juice contains skin lightening extracts as well as ellagic acid, which reduces dark spots on skin and is very efficient in lightening blemishes and acne scars.
Sweet Tabaiba latex extract(Euphorbia Balsamifera)
The Sweet Tabaiba (Euphorbia balsamifera) is an endemic shrub from the Canary Islands and North Africa, popularity used for its soothing and healing properties. Effectively acts to regenerate and reconstruct skin tissue.
Tea Tree Essential Oil(Melaleuca alternifolia)
This powerful essential oil comes from the leaves and the twigs of the tea tree also known as narrow-leaved paperbark. Originally used in Aboriginal medicine it is now used widely by aromatherapists and herbalists utilising its antibacterial antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, balsamic cicatrisant, expectorant, fungicide, insecticide, stimulant and sudorific properties for a variety of skin conditions. For its chemical composition, it has antiseptic properties (bactericides, antifungals and antivirals) and is effective in treating scars, boils, pox, acne, blemishes, age spots and other beauty marks. It can help with reducing dandruff, dry scalp and hair loss. It is also used as an anti-inflammatory, deodorant, balsam, expectorant, Tea tree essential oil an efficient insect deterrent and insect killer as well it works efficiently against internal insects and worms. As an excellent antiseptic, it will help with fungi, wounds, boils, sores, insect bites and stings. Tea tree essential oil can provide relief from muscular pain, aches, and sprains. In aromatherapy, it boosts immunity and acts as a shield against many different types of infections. Tea tree essential oil can provide relief from muscular pain, aches, and sprains.
Linden Flower Extract(Tilia Cordata)
This natural extract from the blossoms is native to Europe and western Asia and it was traditionally used as an herbal remedy for its anti-inflammatory properties. Due to the active flavonoids and glycosides, giving this ingredient antioxidant power for threating delicate, sensitive, dry and arid skin prone to redness. It also helps with reducing the loss of water and protects the skin leaving it brighter and softer.
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
This Mediterranean shrub has been used for thousands of years to obtain essential oil used for therapeutic healing properties. It is a natural antibiotic that invigorates and stimulates circulation. It is highly indicated for the treatment of skin disorders such as acne because it disinfects the skin deeply. Thyme flower extract have been extracted from leaves and flowers, which has antiviral and antibiotic action.
Thermal Water (Aqua termal)
The thermal water used in our products is from Salies-de-Béarn, which is rich in minerals and trace elements. Ideal for sensitive skin, prone to irritation and redness. It has soothing and decongestant properties, which give the feeling of freshness and well-being. It also reinforces the natural protection of the skin against environmental agents. Its daily use helps the skin regain its flexibility and smoothness.
For hundreds of years, people around the world have linked turmeric to healing properties and cosmetic benefits. Turmeric contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory components, which can help with natural glow of the skin. The curcumin found in turmeric can help wounds heal by decreasing inflammation and oxidation. It also lowers the response of your body to cutaneous wounds. It can help with issues such as psoriasis by controlling flares and other symptoms as well can help reduce acne and any resulting scars and other skin conditions.
This antioxidant helps protect skin against free radical damage caused by pollution and the sun’s radiation. It has anti-oxidant activity and stabilises unsaturated lipids. Normal metabolic processes or toxic constituents lead to cell damage but Vitamin E reacts against this process and protects the cells. It reduces the epidermis water loss, helps with elasticity and smoothness and has an anti-inflammatory action. This vitamin exists in eight different forms, of which the most actively serving in humans is called alpha- tocopherol. Its primary function in the cells is acting as an antioxidant, protecting a number of highly reactive chemicals called free radicals. It is primarily antioxidant. This causes delay aging of skin cells and protective against environmental hazards (pollution etc) and sunlight, besides having a regenerative action on the skin. Increasing microcirculation of the skin (blood flow) helping to improve the feed of the fabric, thereby enhancing the elasticity of the skin and help reduce wrinkles.
Also, known as retinoic acid that is a coenzyme that stimulates the proper functioning of the skin. Retinol is highly beneficial to combat wrinkles, improving skin texture, and to treat acne, dark spots and skin pigmentation problems. Wrinkles not only benefit from this ingredient, but also the texture of the skin, the size of the pores, notably decreasing the photo aging.
Vitamin C is considered a potent antioxidant and is useful for protecting against sun damage from UVA and UVB rays. Instead of blocking or absorbing solar radiation as do light stabilizers, free radical decreases the skin. In short, vitamin C inhibits photoaging or skin damage by sunlight. The result is a better look. Improved appearance factors Vitamin C has other proven benefits. Increases collagen production and can reduce inflammation. It also reduces hyperpigmentation, i.e. dark spots on the skin. PH and stability product antioxidants such as vitamin C is used in facial creams for various reasons is to improve the appearance of skin. It neutralizes free radicals and leads to a decrease in the formation of lipoperoxides (substances that cause cutaneous aging). It is involved in the process of transformation of proline into hydroxydoproline, an essential constituent of collagen and acts on skin dyschromias through its potent effect Depigmenting.
Extract from rhizome/root have lightening, soothing and emollient properties.
Wheat Germ Oil(Triticum vulgare)
This oil comes from the seed or ‘germ’ of the wheat stalk. Wheat germs are considered one of the most important sources of vitamin E, providing both a considerable amount of easily assimilated proteins as well as minerals and trace elements. Embryonic origin determines the high content of biologically active substances, making it a perfect essential oil to treat mature and tired skin. It is also an excellent addition to massage oil as it contains high levels of vitamin E, which is a powerful antioxidant.
Witch Hazel(Hamamelis virginiana)
Witch hazel is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Its other common names, winterbloom and snapping hazel illustrate its unusually late flowering period and its explosive bursting seeds that can be ejected as far as 20 feet away from the plant. Witch hazel is one of the most potent astringents. The tannins exert a venotonic action that favours the blood flow. The plant is especially appreciated for its firming and stimulating effects on the connective tissue, since it contributes to the skin a clear complexion, rosacea, soothes redness and gently calms sensitive skin prone to redness.
White Turmeric oil(Curcuma zedoaria)
White turmeric is an aromatic spice, whose scent is similar to that of turmeric and mango and is very popular to use as a spice and also a medicine in India and some parts of South East Asia. Zedoary is effective for treatment of strains, spasm, joint and rheumatic pain. Due to its anti-oxidant, anti-septic, anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic properties, it can help to reduce swelling and pain, remove free radicals in your body which are harmful, protects body from attack of infection including bacteria and virus helps with healing skin wounds, reducing skin inflammation and other skin diseases and many other benefits.
Wool wax (Lanolin)
Lanolin is one of the most skin-loving ingredients around. It derives from the grease extracted from sheep’s wool and offers impressive benefits for the skin. The molecular structure of lanolin is closest to human skin lipids. Also, it’s a semi-occlusive breathable barrier, so it protects and absorbs at the same time and once it penetrates into the skin, it holds up to 400 times its weight in water, so it’s a fantastic moisture reservoir for skin so in skincare product, it helps to moisturise skin from the outside as well as it will moisturise the skin from within. The result is beautifully soft and smooth skin.
Xanthan Gum is a polysaccharide produced through a bio-fermentation process of Xanthamonas campestris and sucrose or glucose and is an excellent, sugar based, natural thickener and provides a smooth glide to creams and lotions and improves their stability. In personal care products, xanthan gum is used to prepare water gels. Is also used in oil-in-water emulsions to help stabilize the oil droplets against coalescence, and has some skin hydrating properties.
Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata)
The name Ylang Ylang comes from the Malay for ‘flower of flowers’. Its nickname ‘poor man’s jasmine’ does not do justice to its powerfully sweet, rich heady fragrance. Both powerfully floral and intensely sweet, Ylang Ylang fades into a softer, slightly spicy and balsamic sweet, creamy floral note. It pushes the spicy note of the Indian jasmine and reinforces the other flowers. When added to the bath the fragrant aroma can help to lift the spirits and may even have aphrodisiac properties! When used in cosmetics, it provides balance in production of sebum very beneficial to very dry or oily skin.
Yarrow Extract (Achillea millefolium)
Traces of this native European herb have been found in Neanderthal burial caves, suggesting its usage goes back upto about 60,000 years. Yarrow was for centuries an indispensable medicinal herb. Native American tribes believed it could cure everything from sore throats and toothache to indigestion and bowel complaints. We use it for its astringent, soothing, anti-inflammatory, firming and de-reddening properties. Yarrow extract is commonly used to treat inflammations of the skin and mucous membranes and circulation problems, acne, rhagades, varicose veins, skin that is arid, dry, chapped, delicate or prone to redness.
Yeast (Faex) extract
Yeast extract derives from yeast and contain mixture of flavonoids, sugars, vitamins and amino acids. Its powerful anti-oxidant, with moisturizing and soothing properties. The benefits of yeast extract can provide calming effect that can help soothe and alleviate problematic skin. Furthermore, it can boost moisturise-retention and improve overall hydration, making yeast extract perfect ingredients to add into skincare products. Overall, yeast extract can better equip your skin with natural protective qualities that promote beautiful skin.